Chapter 10. Bible prophecies

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Szymon Matusiak

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Chapter 10. Bible prophecies

 

Announcements of Armageddon, taking of believers to heaven and other events

 

Armageddon

 

Armageddon is a revolution

 

Bible students are convinced that the great war now started in Europe is the beginning of that great trouble which the Bible calls "Armageddon" and which the Bible declares will prepare mankind and usher them into the kingdom of God’s dear Son, which will be “the desire of all nations” (Haggai 2:7), and through which a reign of righteousness will be established throughout the whole earth. (The Watchtower January 1, 1916 p. 5829, reprints).

 

In the meantime, our eyes of understanding should discern clearly the Battle of the Great Day of God Almighty now in progress; and our faith, guiding our eyes of understanding through the Word, should enable us to see the glorious outcome – Messiah’s kingdom. (The Watchtower September 1, 1916 p. 5951, reprints).

 

The present great war in Europe is the beginning of the Armageddon of the Scriptures. (Rev. 16:16-20.) It will eventuate in the complete overthrow of all the systems of error which have so long oppressed the people of God and deluded the world. (Pastor Russell’s Sermons 1917 p. 676).

 

When nothing happened in the expected years 1914, 1925, 1918 and 1925, the Watchtower Society changed its teaching on Armageddon. It became a future event and it was not connected to a revolution:

 

In The Watch Tower, the official magazine published and distributed by Jehovah’s witnesses, there appeared in its issue of July 15, 1925, the leading article entitled “The Remnant.” This article set forth for the first time that Armageddon is not a disorganized “time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation,” or a violent, anarchistic battle between capital and organized labor, but is a universal fight between Jehovah God and the entire organization of Satan the Devil in heaven and on earth. (The Watchtower December 1, 1961 p. 721).

 

Armageddon is a war of Jehovah

 

In 1926 another brilliant flash of light revealed that the war of Armageddon was not to be a social revolution, as Bible Students once thought. Rather, it would be a war in which Jehovah will demonstrate his power so clearly that all people will be convinced that he is God.—Revelation 16:14-16; 19:17-21. (The Watchtower May 15, 1995 p. 18).

 

Thus they understood the war of Armageddon to be associated with violent social revolution. But was Armageddon going to be merely a struggle between contending factions of mankind, a social revolution used by God to overthrow existing institutions? As further attention was given to the scriptures bearing on this matter, The Watch Tower of July 15, 1925, drew attention to Zechariah 14:1-3 and said: “By this we would understand that all the nations of earth, under Satan’s direction, would be gathered to battle against the Jerusalem class, viz., those who take their stand on the Lord’s side . . . Revelation 16:14, 16.” (...) The war here being discussed was definitely not the one that was fought among the nations, beginning in 1914. It was yet to come. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 pp. 140-141).

 

 

The great time of trouble

 

It should have begun in 1874

 

(...) will be a time of intense trouble. The Scriptural time-proofs which we have considered show that this trouble was due to date from the time of Christ's second advent (October, 1874) when the judging of the nations would commence, under the enlightening influences of the Day of the Lord. (Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 341).

 

This calculation shows A. D. 1874 as marking the beginning of the period of trouble (...) Thus the Pyramid witnesses that the close of 1874 was the chronological beginning of the time of trouble such as was not since there was a nation no, nor ever shall be afterward. (Thy Kingdom Come 1898 p. 342).

 

It should have begun in 1910-1912

 

According to our expectations the stress of the great time of trouble will be on us soon, somewhere between 1910 and 1912 culminating with the end of the “Times of the Gentiles,” October, 1914. (The New Creation 1904 p. 579).

 

It should have begun in 1914

 

Is not this a most remarkable agreement between this stone “Witness” and the Bible? The dates, October, 1874, and October, 1881, are exact, while the date 1910, though not furnished in the Scriptures, seems more than a reasonable one for some important event in the Church’s experience and final testing, while A.D. 1914 is apparently well-defined as its close, after which the world’s greatest trouble is due, in which some of the “great multitude” may have a share. (Thy Kingdom Come 1912, 1923 p. 364).

 

It should have begun in 1915

 

This calculation shows A.D. 1915 as marking the beginning of the period of trouble... (Thy Kingdom Come 1912, 1923 p. 342).

 

It should have begun in 1918

 

The data presented in comments on Rev. 2:1 prove that the conquest of Judea was not completed until the day of the Passover, A. D. 73, and in the light of the foregoing Scriptures, suggest that the Spring of 1918 will bring upon Christendom a spasm of anguish greater even than that experienced in the Fall of 1914. (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 62).

 

It should have begun in 1925

 

What if, in expectation of the “great tribulation,” Jehovah’s Witnesses had eased up, and stopped watching and making plans for the future, in 1914, in 1925, in 1975 or at any other date—could this have resulted in the expansive spiritual paradise that we see today? (The Watchtower November 15, 1976 p. 689).

 

Expected in 1975

 

THE mid-nineteen seventies have seen the completion of six thousand years of human history. In connection with this, many sincere servants of Jehovah had great expectations as to the nearness of the “great tribulation” mentioned at Matthew 24:21, 22, and the final phase of Jehovah’s day. (The Watchtower August 1, 1976 p. 476).

 

True, the most accurate Bible chronology available indicates that 6,000 years of human existence will end in the mid-1970’s. So these Christians are intensely interested to see if that will coincide with the outbreak of the “great tribulation” of our day that will eliminate all wicked ones on earth. It could. But they are not even attempting to predict exactly when the destruction of Satan’s wicked system of things will occur. (The Watchtower June 15, 1974 p. 379).

 

It started in 1914 and was interrupted since 1918

 

For a number of years, we thought that the great tribulation began in 1914 with World War I and that “those days were cut short” by Jehovah in 1918 when the war ended so that the remnant would have the opportunity to preach the good news to all nations. (Matt. 24:21, 22) After the completion of that preaching work, Satan’s empire would be destroyed. Thus, the great tribulation was thought to have three phases: There would be a beginning (1914-1918), the tribulation would be interrupted (from 1918 onward), and it would conclude at Armageddon. (The Watchtower July 15, 2013 pp. 3-4).

 

It was not interrupted, it will start only in future

 

Ever since the appointed times of the nations ended in 1914, God’s people have been keenly interested in “the great tribulation.” (Revelation 7:14) For years they thought that the modern-day great tribulation had an opening part corresponding to the time of World War I, then an interrupting interval, and finally a concluding part, “the war of the great day of God the Almighty.” (...) However, The Watchtower of January 15, 1970, reexamined Jesus’ prophecy, especially the coming great tribulation. It showed that in view of what happened in the first century, the modern tribulation could not have an opening part in 1914-18, a decades-long interval, and later a resumption. That magazine concluded: “The ‘great tribulation’ such as will not occur again is yet ahead, for it means the destruction of the world empire of false religion (including Christendom) followed by the ‘war of the great day of God the Almighty’ at Armageddon.” (The Watchtower February 15, 1994 pp. 17-18).

 

It should have begun before “generation 1914” passes away

 

And as the generation that heard Christ’s judgment message lived to experience the destruction he foretold, so the present generation since 1914 “will by no means pass away” before the foretold “great tribulation” comes.—Matthew 24:21, 22, 34. (The Watchtower October 15, 1990 p. 20).

 

It will start during the life of the present anointed brothers

 

This suggests that some who are Christ’s anointed brothers will still be alive on earth when the foretold great tribulation begins. (The Watchtower February 15, 2008 p. 24).

 

It will start during the life of the second group of the anointed brothers

 

How, then, are we to understand Jesus’ words about “this generation”? He evidently meant that the lives of the anointed who were on hand when the sign began to become evident in 1914 would overlap with the lives of other anointed ones who would see the start of the great tribulation. That generation had a beginning, and it surely will have an end. The fulfillment of the various features of the sign clearly indicate that the tribulation must be near. (The Watchtower April 15, 2010 pp. 10-11).

 

The day of Jehovah

 

It has began already in 1874

 

And since, as we have just shown, the great Day of Jehovah began in A. D. 1874, will continue forty years, and will end with the expiration of Gentile Times in the complete overthrow of worldly and Satanic dominion in the earth... (The Time is at Hand 1902, 1927 p. 250).

 

It has began already in 1914

 

Christ Jesus was enthroned in heaven as King in 1914, and he has work to do from that year until Armageddon. This period of time is known as “the day of Jehovah.” (The Watchtower April 1, 1954 p. 221).

 

Now in this day of Jehovah, the great God of heaven is “doing wondrous things” unsurpassed in all history! It is the day to which David looked forward with joy. It is the day in which prophecy upon prophecy is coming to grand fulfillment. In the modern year of 1914 Jehovah established the everlasting kingdom of heaven in the hands of one greater than David, his Son Jesus Christ. (The Watchtower January 15, 1960 p. 38).

 

It will start within “this generation”

 

As in the days of Noah’s building the ark, so now over forty years since A.D. 1914 Jehovah’s patience has been waiting a long time. All evidences are indicative, in the light of Bible prophecy, that the day of Jehovah for executing judgment against the ungodly is near, within this generation. (The Watchtower April 15, 1961 p. 239).

 

It will start only in future

 

Jehovah’s fear-inspiring day is not to be confused with “the Lord’s day” of Revelation 1:10. (...) Then, as a high point of the Lord’s day, “the end” of the present system of things, Jehovah’s fear-inspiring day, will break forth. (Matthew 24:3-14; Luke 21:11) (The Watchtower December 15, 1997 p. 11).

 

The date of Armageddon and of taking believers to the heaven

 

Year 1874

 

During this harvest of the age the Lord, through his Word, has seemed to send his people to four different points of time – 1874, 1878, 1881 and 1914. At each of these points of time the watching saints who realized that the end of the age was upon the church have thought that the “change” might come. They watched for it. When they came to each of these points, the Lord said, "Go to another place."... (The Watchtower February 1, 1916 p. 5845, reprints).

 

Year 1878

 

During this harvest of the age the Lord, through his Word, has seemed to send his people to four different points of time – 1874, 1878, 1881 and 1914. At each of these points of time the watching saints who realized that the end of the age was upon the church have thought that the “change” might come. They watched for it. When they came to each of these points, the Lord said, "Go to another place."... (The Watchtower February 1, 1916 p. 5845, reprints).

 

Based on the premise that events of the first century might find parallels in related events later, they also concluded that if Jesus’ baptism and anointing in the autumn of 29 C.E. paralleled the beginning of an invisible presence in 1874, then his riding into Jerusalem as King in the spring of 33 C.E. would point to the spring of 1878 as the time when he would assume his power as heavenly King. They also thought they would be given their heavenly reward at that time. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 632).

 

Year 1881

 

Brother Russell expected the church to go beyond the vail in 1878, 1881, 1910 and 1914 just as with Elijah, who went with Elisha to four different places before he was actually taken. These seeming disappointments were divinely foreknown, “his appointments.” (The Watchtower April 15, 1918 p. 6237, reprints). See The Watchtower January 1881 p. 180, reprints.

 

Year 1910

 

Brother Russell expected the church to go beyond the vail in 1878, 1881, 1910 and 1914 just as with Elijah, who went with Elisha to four different places before he was actually taken. These seeming disappointments were divinely foreknown, “his appointments.” (The Watchtower April 15, 1918 p. 6237, reprints). See The Watchtower September 15, 1901 p. 292.

 

Year 1914

 

(...) “battle of the great day of God Almighty” (Rev. 16:14), which will end in A. D. 1914 with the complete overthrow of earth’s present rulership, is already commenced. (The Time Is at Hand 1908 p. 101).

 

F. W. Franz, who was baptized in 1913, well expressed the feelings of Jehovah’s Witnesses. In 1991, as president of the Watch Tower Society, he stated: “(...) We of the remnant who were on hand in the year 1914, when we expected all of us to go to heaven, have not lost our sense of value of that hope. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 716).

 

 

Year 1915

 

October 1914 passed, and C. T. Russell and his associates were still on earth. Then October 1915 passed. Was Russell disappointed? (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 62).

 

As the years 1914 and then 1915 passed, those spirit-anointed Christians waited eagerly for the fulfillment of their heavenly hope. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 211).

 

(...) “battle of the great day of God Almighty” (Rev. 16:14), which will end in A. D. 1915 with the complete overthrow of earth’s present rulership, is already commenced. (The Time Is at Hand 1927 p. 101). See Year 1914.

 

Year 1916

 

Finally, that day arrived—October 1, 1914. The Gentile Times ended, but the anticipated heavenly glorification of the church did not come about. In fact, it had not occurred by the time Russell himself died on October 31, 1916. Rather, great trouble and persecution came upon those desirous of meeting the Bridegroom. (The Watchtower August 15, 1974 p. 507).

 

Year 1918

 

When he called upon me I said, “Since the year 73 A. D. saw the complete overthrow of nominal Natural Israel in Palestine, so in the parallel year 1918, I infer we should look for the complete overthrow of nominal Spiritual Israel; i. e., the fall of Babylon. (Rev. 18.) Brother Russell replied: ‘Exactly. That is exactly the inference to draw.’” (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 129).

 

As the years of World War I progressed toward 1918 Jehovah’s witnesses on earth were thinking that the global war would merge right into the “battle of Armageddon” in which world anarchy would prevail with every man’s hand against his neighbor. Under the title “The Beginning of Sorrows” the wartime Watchtower of August 1, 1915, said: “We see the prelude to the great Battle of Armageddon. (...)” But Armageddon did not come in 1918. (The Watchtower June 1, 1949 p. 163).

 

Shortly after this, members of the Society’s administrative staff were arrested, and on June 21, 1918, they were sentenced to 20-year prison terms. The preaching of the good news came to a virtual standstill. Was this the time when they would at last be united with the Lord in heavenly glory? A few months later, the war ended. The following year the officials of the Society were released. They were still in the flesh. It was not what they had expected... (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 pp. 211-212).

 

The year 1918 came, and the remnant, or remaining ones of the anointed, were still on the earthly scene. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 245).

 

Year 1920

 

We anticipate that the ‘earthquake’ will occur early in 1918, and that the ‘fire’ will come in the fall of 1920. (The Finished Mystery 1917 p. 129).

 

Even the republics will disappear in the fall of 1920. (The Finished Mystery 1917 p. 258).

 

Year 1921

 

It may be that these worldly systems will go down in the fall of 1921. (Millions Now Living Will Never Die! 1920 p. 111).

 

Fall of Roman ecclesiasticism in the year....1921

Fall of Protestantism in the year ...............1921 (The Watchtower June 1, 1920 p. 174).

 

Year 1925

 

The year 1925 also held expectations for Jehovah’s servants. It was thought that a cycle of 70 typical Jubilees (70 × 50 years) from the time Israel entered the Promised Land would end in 1925 and mark the beginning of the great antitypical Jubilee, the Millennial Reign of Christ Jesus. It did not turn out that way. (The Watchtower February 15, 1984 pp. 23-24).

 

In 1924 the grown-ups talked a lot about 1925. We once visited a family of Bible Students, and I heard one brother ask: “If the Lord takes us away, what will become of our children?” Mother, positive as ever, replied: “The Lord will know how to take care of them.” The subject fascinated me. What did it all mean? The year 1925 came and went, and nothing happened. (The Watchtower November 1, 1991 p. 26).

 

[Rutherford] Regarding his misguided statements as to what we could expect in 1925, he once confessed to us at Bethel, “I made an ass of myself.” (The Watchtower October 1, 1984 p. 24).

 

Year 1926

 

(...) we expect the full glorification of the church in about two years (The Golden Age February 13, 1924 p. 313).

 

In the type the priests and Levites would have been very busy during the year, assisting their fellows and the people properly to settle their affairs and relationships in harmony with the Law and their inheritances. This would have been in preparation for the work commenced in 1926 for the Gentiles. If we have correctly interpreted the matter, 1926 is still the year for God’s blessings to begin towards the Gentiles. (The Watchtower February 15, 1925 p. 56).

 

How much of all this will come to pass in 1926 is not stated. At present we do not find any definite date beyond 1926 indicated in the Scriptures. When the Bible Students found 1914 in the Bible they heralded it far and wide, but the Lord left the curtain down at that date until we had reached it. God set his seal upon 1914, and the work started that year is still going on. We find the date 1925-1926 clearly indicated in the prophetic outline, and the Lord has not lifted the curtain sufficiently for us to see distinctly beyond. We feel sure that he will set his seal upon that date as clearly as he did upon 1914, and he will then let us see beyond as soon and as far as will be good for us. Let us learn from experiences of the past not to be too positive about details. We need have no worry. (The Watchtower February 15, 1925 p. 58).

 

Years 1931-1932

 

The Time of the establishment of the Kingdom in power is indicated as “in the fourteenth year after that the city (Christendom) was smitten” – or thirteen years after 1918 viz.. in 1931. – Ezek. 40:1. (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1918 [850,000 Edition] p. 569).

 

The Time of the establishment of the Kingdom in power is indicated as “in the fourteenth year after that the city (Christendom) was smitten” – or thirteen years after 1918 viz.. in 1932. – Ezek. 40:1. (The Finished Mystery 1918 [75,000 Edition] p. 569).

 

They had preached that in an early time God would overthrow “Christendom”. Many had emphasized the year 1925 as the date, and then when that date did not materialize the date was moved up to 1932. Again, 1932 came and “Christendom” was not destroyed, and now it was discovered that “Christendom” would be spared for a while longer for the sake of the Jonadab class... (The Watchtower February 15, 1938 pp. 54-55).

 

Year 1935

 

Universal war is absolutely certain to come, and that soon, and no power can stop it. (...) During the few remaining months until the breaking of that universal cataclysm... (Universal War Near 1935 p. 26-27). See The Golden Age February 13, 1935 p. 298.

 

We eagerly anticipated the coming of God’s Kingdom. I recall that when we received the 1935 Yearbook, one of the brothers, at seeing the full schedule of text discussions for the year, asked: “Does this mean we are going to complete another entire year before Armageddon comes?” In reply the conductor asked: “Do you think, brother, that if Armageddon should come tomorrow, we will stop reading the Yearbook?” When the brother said no, the conductor said: “Then why are you worrying?” We were, and still are, eager for Jehovah’s day. (The Watchtower September 1, 1995 p. 24).

 

Year 1939

 

Well do I remember the frightening announcement in September 1939, the declaration of war in Europe. We wondered, ‘Will it escalate and involve the Far East?’ It seemed to me to be the prelude to Armageddon—right on time I figured! I felt satisfied that I was making full and proper use of my youth. (...) We even decided to hold an assembly, quietly circulating invitations among interested ones. To our joy, about 25 came to what we then believed would be our last assembly before Armageddon. (The Watchtower May 1, 1993 p. 29).

 

Years 1941-1942

 

Receiving the gift, the marching children clasped it to them, not a toy or plaything for idle pleasure, but the Lord’s provided instrument for most effective work in the remaining months before Armageddon. (The Watchtower September 15, 1941 p. 288).

 

Then, due to the Pearl Harbor attack by Japan in 1941, the United States of America entered the war. The issue of Christian neutrality brought worldwide persecution on Jehovah’s Witnesses. Many nations banned us. Here in the United States we were often attacked by emotional, “patriotic” mobs. It seemed to us then that the war would usher in the climactic battle of the great day of God the Almighty, Armageddon.—Revelation 16:14-16. I vividly recall our urgent expectations of the long-awaited event. (The Watchtower February 15, 1984 pp. 24-25).

 

Early in the year 1942 certain circumstances caused some to conclude that the witness work was about finished and that Armageddon was at hand. (The Watchtower July 1, 1950 p. 198).

 

Year 1945

 

Reflecting the outlook of many of Jehovah’s Witnesses at the time, he warned: “Be careful that Armageddon does not catch you sitting on the school benches.” Since I did not want that to happen, I quit school and entered the pioneer work on January 1, 1945. (The Watchtower April 1, 1993 p. 20).

 

In March 1945 we heard that the Scripture text for that year was Matthew 28:19 (...) That filled us with joy and hope, since we had thought that World War II would climax in Armageddon. (The Watchtower September 1, 2007 p. 11).

 

Year 1975

 

Within a few years at most the final parts of Bible prophecy relative to these “last days” will undergo fulfillment, resulting in the liberation of surviving mankind into Christ’s glorious 1,000-year reign. (The Watchtower May 1, 1968 p. 272).

 

However, Bible chronology which indicates that Adam was created in the fall of the year 4026 B.C.E. would bring us down to the year 1975 C.E. as the date marking 6,000 years of human history with yet 1,000 years to come for Christ’s Kingdom rule. So whatever the date for the end of this system, it is clear that the time left is reduced, with only approximately six years left until the end of 6,000 years of human history. (The Watchtower May 1, 1970 p. 273).

 

More recently, many Witnesses conjectured that events associated with the beginning of Christ’s Millennial Reign might start to take place in 1975. Their anticipation was based on the understanding that the seventh millennium of human history would begin then. (Awake! June 22, 1995 p. 9).

 

Generation living in 1914

 

(...) Jesus said: “This generation will by no means pass away until all these things [including the end of this system] occur.” (Matthew 24:34, 14) Which generation did Jesus mean? He meant the generation of people who were living in 1914. Those persons yet remaining of that generation are now very old. However, some of them will still be alive to see the end of this wicked system. So of this we can be certain: Shortly now there will be a sudden end to all wickedness and wicked people at Armageddon. (You Can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth 1989 p. 154).

 

Before the last members of the generation that was alive in 1914 will have passed off the scene, all the things foretold will occur, including the “great tribulation” in which the present wicked world will end.—Matt. 24:21, 22, 34. (Reasoning From the Scriptures 1989 p. 97).

 

This time of the end is, however, to be a relatively short period—stretching over one generation. (Luke 21:31, 32) The fact that we are now 80 years beyond 1914 indicates that we can soon expect the deliverance that God’s Kingdom will bring. (Awake! November 8, 1994 p. 10).

 

The end of the 20th century

 

But then it also speaks of a group of people preaching about the righteous kingdom of God, a war of God against all wickedness, followed by a paradise earth without death – all to be realized in the twentieth century. (Awake! February 22, 1961 p. 5, article The 20th Century In Bible Prophecy).

 

That now-operating kingdom in heaven will, within the twentieth century, cleanse the entire earth of wickedness. (Awake! February 22, 1961 p. 7).

 

What day was Jesus speaking of? The beginning of World War III? No, Zephaniah 2:3 identifies it as "the day of Jehovah's anger." Revelation 16:16 calls it the "war of the great day of God the Almighty," Armageddon. This war will come in the twentieth century. It will come right on schedule, as have the wars, food shortages, earthquakes and other events' fore told. This generation will see its fulfillment. (Awake! February 22, 1961 p. 8).

 

Shortly, within our twentieth century, the “battle in the day of Jehovah” will begin against the modern antitype of Jerusalem, Christendom. (...) Jehovah’s “sword” of warfare will cut off from this position that Christendom’s clergy claim for her all religionists who depend upon her having an acceptable standing with God. However, Jehovah’s “sword” will not be applied merely to those adhering to Christendom. It will also be brandished against “all flesh from south [Christendom] to north.” Religionists belonging to all the rest of the world empire of false religion will feel the cutting edge of Jehovah’s “sword.” Their being non-Christians will not cause them to be spared. (“The Nations Shall Know That I Am Jehovah” How? 1971 pp. 216-217).

 

Other statements and suggestions

 

And if not, will our planet still be able in another 20 years, in 2012, to host a possible third Earth Summit? (Awake! April 8, 1993 p. 5).

 

What marvelous things are in store for humankind during the coming century, if not even before! The bad effects of thousands of years of imperfect human rule, hypocritical religion, greedy commerce, and this world’s science will be replaced by divine rule, which will bless humans beyond their greatest expectations. (...) So, then, as long as time allows, may you wisely take advantage of Jehovah’s provisions for survival. Then you will be privileged to enjoy life in the future, yes, during the upcoming 21st century—as well as during the 22nd, 23rd, and countless others thereafter. (Awake! June 22, 1993 p. 24).

 

Having a clear understanding of the parallel between that time and our day should fortify our conviction that the end of the present world is near. What, then, are the similarities? (...) Only 120 years more and Jehovah would bring “the deluge of waters upon the earth to bring to ruin all flesh in which the force of life is active from under the heavens.”—Genesis 6:17. (...) Some 90 years have passed since the last days of this system of things began in 1914. We are certainly in “the time of the end.” (Daniel 12:4) (...) We must never lose sight of the fact that these days are truly just as the days of Noah were. (The Watchtower December 15, 2003 pp. 15-16).

 

Fall 2875 A.D. Restitution completed.

Fall 2914 A.D. Dominion restored to mankind. (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p.60 ).

 

When will this occur? No human knows. “Concerning that day or the hour nobody knows,” said Jesus, “neither the angels in heaven nor the Son, but the Father.” (Mark 13:32) Jehovah’s Witnesses do not try to predict when God will destroy the wicked. (The Watchtower December 1, 2011 p. 10).

 

Procreation after Armageddon

 

There will be no procreation after Armageddon

 

Moreover, be it remembered that the Scriptures distinctly declare that the propagation of the species is intended merely for the present time and that those who will attain, in the New Age, to the resurrection will “neither marry nor be given in marriage.” The propagation of the human race is intended to proceed only until the earth shall be filled. (Pastor Russell’s Sermons 1917 pp. 37-38).

 

Procreation after Armageddon

 

Those Jonadabs who now contemplate marriage, it would seem, would do better if they wait a few years, until the fiery storm of Armageddon is gone, and to then enter the marital relationship and enjoy the blessings of participating in filling the earth with righteous and perfect children. (Face the Facts 1938 p. 50).

 

Compared to the billions living on earth now, the survivors of the upcoming great tribulation will be few. But they may well have a privilege similar to that given to the Flood survivors. The survivors may for a time be able to have offspring as a part of the new earthly society.—Isaiah 65:23. (The Watchtower December 15, 2003 pp. 18-19).

 

Marriages after Armageddon

 

There will be no marriages after Armageddon

 

That is to say, at the close of the Millennial age, all having been gradually perfected, each sex will, in their development, have taken on more of the qualities of the other; during that age the woman will gradually add to her womanly graces the qualities that belong to man; and man will likewise gradually take on with his manly qualities the finer sentiments and qualities of mind and body that belong to the female. Thus man will receive again that which was taken from him originally, represented by the rib. So all will then be perfect; and they will neither marry nor give in marriage; for all will in this respect be “like unto the angels.”—Luke 20:34-36. (The Watchtower November 1, 1911 p. 4914, reprints).

See Scenario of the Photo-Drama of Creation 1914 p. 9.

 

A second reason is that not enough people had been born to fill the earth. When enough shall have been born, the resurrection will begin; and then, as Jesus said, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage in the resurrection. This means that births will cease, because the command given to Adam to multiply and fill the earth will have been fulfilled. (The Watchtower November 15, 1929 p. 349).

See The Golden Age April 2, 1930 p. 446.

 

Marriages after Armageddon (teaching since 1938)

 

Those Jonadabs who now contemplate marriage, it would seem, would do better if they wait a few years, until the fiery storm of Armageddon is gone, and to then enter the marital relationship and enjoy the blessings of participating in filling the earth with righteous and perfect children. (Face the Facts 1938 p. 50).

See Children 1941 p. 366.

 

Jehovah highly values the sacrifices made by single persons who have chosen to do what he delights in. (Compare Isaiah 56:4, 5.) Jehovah will not forget them. Some who survive into the new earth may enjoy the privileges of marriage, and like the children of Noah after the global flood, have opportunities to take part in the divine commission to ‘fill the earth.’ (Genesis 9:1) (The Watchtower June 15, 1982 p. 15).

 

There will be no marriages after Armageddon (teaching of circa 1987)

 

So if a Christian finds it hard to accept the conclusion that resurrected ones will not marry, he can be sure that God and Christ are understanding. And he can simply wait to see what occurs. There is no reason now to overemphasize this matter. (The Watchtower June 1, 1987 p. 31).

 

Human emotions today might make this a difficult conclusion to accept. But it is to be noted that nowhere does the Bible say that God’s resurrecting the faithful means restoring their marital status. (...) And Joseph and Mary will evidently live in different realms—he on earth and she in heaven. (The Watchtower June 1, 1987 p. 31).

 

It is unknown if people will be able to marry after Armageddon (the teaching since 2014)

 

Is there sound reason for hoping that resurrected ones will be able to marry? Put simply, the answer is that we cannot say. (The Watchtower August 15, 2014 p. 29).

 

Third, if Jesus’ words about the resurrection and getting married apply to the heavenly resurrection, does this mean that those who come back in the earthly resurrection will be able to marry? God’s Word does not give a direct answer to that specific question. If Jesus was, in fact, talking about the heavenly resurrection, then his words do not shed any light on whether resurrected ones on earth will be able to marry in the new world. (...) Understandably, we may have many questions about life in the new world. Rather than needlessly speculating on the answers to those questions, we will just have to wait and see. (The Watchtower August 15, 2014 p. 30).

 

„They… neither marry” (Luke 20:35)

 

The text of Luke 20:35 applied to the heavenly class

 

QUESTION (1907) – Please explain Luke 20:35,36: “But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage; neither can they die any more for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God being the children of the resurrection.” (...) But now, we will apply this first to the Church. When we have been changed and are spirit beings, we will not die any more; if we have immortality we cannot die any more. And we would be like the angels, for the angels do not marry; and so, in this respect, the Little Flock in the resurrection will not be male and female. (What Pastor Russell Said. His answer to hundreds of questions 1917 pp. 202-203).

 

The text of Luke 20:35 applied to the earthly class

 

For years, our publications have said that Jesus’ words about the resurrection and getting married likely refer to the earthly resurrection and that those resurrected to life in the new world will evidently not marry.* (Matt. 22:29, 30; Mark 12:24, 25; Luke 20:34-36) *See The Watchtower, June 1, 1987, pages 30-31. (The Watchtower August 15, 2014 p. 29).

 

The text of Luke 20:35 applied to the heavenly class (the teaching since 2014)

 

Second, Jesus ended his reply by referring to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—faithful patriarchs who are in line to be resurrected to life on earth.—Luke 20:37, 38. However, it seems possible that Jesus had in mind the heavenly resurrection. (The Watchtower August 15, 2014 p. 29).

 

Third, if Jesus’ words about the resurrection and getting married apply to the heavenly resurrection, does this mean that those who come back in the earthly resurrection will be able to marry? God’s Word does not give a direct answer to that specific question. If Jesus was, in fact, talking about the heavenly resurrection, then his words do not shed any light on whether resurrected ones on earth will be able to marry in the new world. (The Watchtower August 15, 2014 p. 30).

 

The Beast of Revelation 17:8

 

The beast is the papacy

 

On various occasions I requested Bro. Russell to give me his idea respecting the three possible fulfillments; but he remained absolutely mum respecting two of the ways, but freely expressed his opinion respecting the third way, which he believed would be the way in which the prophecy would be fulfilled. ‘The beast that thou sawest was, and is not and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit and go into perdition,’ we understand to be the Holy Roman Empire — Church and State, united in power from 799 to 1799. (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 263).

 

The beast is the Hague Court of Arbitration and the League of Nations

 

As further proof that the League of Nations really supersedes the Hague Court of Arbitration and embodies the same principles and is therefore the same ‘beast [or organization] which was, is not, and is to come’, the following historical proof is submitted... (Light 1930, Vol. 2, p. 102).

 

The World Court and the League of Nations are one and the same organization. (Light 1930, Vol. 2, pp. 94-95).

 

Beast is the League of Nations and the UNO

 

Having failed to keep peace in the world, the League of Nations virtually plunged into an abyss of inactivity. By 1942 it had become a has-been. Neither before this nor at some later date—but right at that critical time—did Jehovah interpret to his people the full depth of meaning of the vision! At the New World Theocratic Assembly, N. H. Knorr could declare, in line with the prophecy, that “the wild beast . . . is not.” He then asked the question, “Will the League remain in the pit?” Quoting Revelation 17:8, he answered: “The association of worldly nations will rise again.” That is just how it proved to be—in vindication of Jehovah’s prophetic Word! The scarlet-colored wild beast did indeed climb out of the abyss. On June 26, 1945, with noisy fanfare in San Francisco, U.S.A., 50 nations voted to accept the Charter of the United Nations organization. (Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand! 1988, 2006 pp. 247-248).

 

Interestingly, the Watchtower Society at the earlier stage (in the year 1919) made very positive comments on the League of Nations:

 

We cannot but admire the high principles embodied in the proposed League of Nations, formulated undoubtedly by those who have no knowledge of the great plan of God. (...). The President’s idea seems to be that the League of Nations which he proposes should stand for world service rather than mere world regulation in the military sense, and that the very smallest of nations shall be participants in its every arrangement. In other words, his idea undoubtedly is that the league shall not be established merely for the purpose of promoting peace by threat or coercion; but that its purpose, when put into operation, will be to make of all nations of earth one great family, working together for the common benefit in all the avenues of national life. Truly this is idealistic, and approximates in a small way that which God has foretold that he will bring about after this great time of trouble. (The Watchtower February 15, 1919 p. 6389, reprints).

 

Beth-Sarim and expectation for the faithful of the Old Testament

 

The arrival of princes “before” Armageddon and “after” it

 

At the time, it was believed that faithful men of old times, such as Abraham, Joseph, and David, would be resurrected before the end of this system of things and would serve as “princes in all the earth,” in fulfillment of Psalm 45:16. This view was adjusted in 1950, when further study of the Scriptures indicated that those earthly forefathers of Jesus Christ would be resurrected after Armageddon.—See “The Watchtower,” November 1, 1950, pages 414-17 (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 76).

 

The appearance of the “princes” at the convention in 1950!

 

For some years now both the remnant and the great crowd of strangers or “other sheep” have been looking for the promised “princes” of the new earth to appear. (The Watchtower November 1, 1950 p. 414).

 

For years, Jehovah’s people thought that faithful men of old times, such as Abraham, Joseph and David, would be resurrected before the end of this wicked system of things. Those past servants of God were called “ancient worthies,” “faithful men of old” and “the princes.” (...) With that in mind, mentally join the 82,601 conventioners as they listened intently to F. W. Franz on Saturday evening, August 5, 1950. At a climactic point in his absorbing Scriptural talk he asked: “Would this international assembly be happy to know that HERE, TONIGHT, in our midst, there are a number of prospective PRINCES OF THE NEW EARTH?” What reactions there were to that query! Here are some vivid recollections: “I recall the gasp of amazement that swept the assembly, and we began looking around us expectantly . . . was David here, or Abraham, or Daniel, or Job? Many of us sisters had tears in our eyes!” (Grace A. Estep) “I was so excited I sat on the edge of my seat with my eyes glued on the dugout. I was certain that one or more of these men of old would emerge at any moment.” (Sister Dwight T. Kenyon) “People in the corridors rushed to the stadium entrances to view the speaker’s stand, perhaps expecting to see Abraham, David or maybe Moses. The audience stood up—the atmosphere was charged. I am sure that if someone with a long beard had walked to the platform there would have been no containing the crowd.”—L. E. Reusch. A profound silence next settled over the audience. Every ear seemed strained to lose none of the speaker’s words. He discussed the real meaning of the Hebrew word translated ‘prince.” He pointed out that today’s “other sheep” have suffered just as much for their faith as did Jehovah’s witnesses of old. Hence, nothing argues against Christ’s making these “other sheep” “princes in all the earth” as required. (Ps. 45:16; John 10:16) Then, concluding his discourse, Brother Franz said: “With the transporting prospects so close before us, oh! let us keep Theocratic organization and let God continue improving it as a New World society. Never may we look back to this modern Sodom, which is reserved for destruction, but we are determined to keep faces forward in full faith. Onward, then, steadily, all of us together, as a New World society!” (1975 Yearbook of Jehovah’s Witnesses pp. 213-214).

 

Elders will be “princes” in the future

 

In the new world, Jesus will appoint “princes in all the earth” to take the lead among Jehovah’s worshipers on earth. (Psalm 45:16) No doubt he will select many of these from among the faithful elders of today. Because these men are proving themselves now, he will choose to entrust many with even greater privileges in the future when he reveals the role of the chieftain class in the new world. (The Watchtower March 1, 1999 p. 17).

 

Elders are the “princes” now

 

In 1938 they were invited to attend the Memorial of the death of Jesus Christ as observers. In 1950 mature men among them were discerned to be among the “princes” who serve as “a hiding place from the wind and a place of concealment from the rainstorm.” (Psalm 45:16; Isaiah 32:1, 2) (The Watchtower July 1, 1995 p. 15).

 

The residence of resurrected “princes”

 

Jerusalem is the residence of “princes” (teaching until the year 1929)

 

In the light of the Scriptures we may reasonably expect that Jerusalem will be the capital of the world, with perfect and faithful men, namely, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, Daniel, and others in charge of earth's governmental affairs, with some of these faithful men as rulers located in the principal parts of the earth; that then the one in authority at Jerusalem will give directions as to the carrying out of governmental affairs in different parts of the earth. With great improved broadcasting stations we can expect Abraham from Mount Zion to direct the affairs of the whole earth. (A Desirable Government 1924 p. 30).

 

The Scriptures warrant the conclusion that Jerusalem will be the city of first importance on the earth.(...) it would be the most reasonable thing that Jerusalem would be made the earthly seat of the government. (Life 1929 p. 341).

See The Watchtower November 1, 1929 p. 333.

 

San Diego is the residence of “princes” (teaching since 1929)

 

DEED ROBERT J. MARTIN (...) for and in consideration of the sum of Ten Dollars ($10.00) does hereby grant bargain and sell unto JOSEPH F. RUTHERFORD (...) for and during his life on earth and thereafter to the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY (...) All that real property situated in Kensington Heights, County of San Diego, State of California (...) Both the grantor and the grantee, the said JOSEPH F. RUTHERFORD are fully persuaded from the Bible testimony, which is the Word of Jehovah God, and from extraneous evidence that God's kingdom is now in course of establishment and that it will result beneficially to the peoples of earth; that the governing power and authority will be invisible to men but that kingdom of God will have visible representatives on the earth who will have charge of the affairs of the nations under the supervision of the invisible ruler Christ; that among those who will thus be the faithful representatives and visible governors of the world will be David, who was once king over Israel; and Gideon, and Barak, and Samson, and Jephthae, and Joseph, formerly the ruler of Egypt, and Samuel the prophet and other faithful men who were named with approval in the Bible at Hebrews the eleventh chapter. (...) The condition herein is that the said WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY shall hold said title perpetually in trust for the use of any or all of the men above named as representatives of God's kingdom on earth and that such men shall have possession and use of said property hereinabove described as they may deem for the best interest for the work in which they are engaged. This property has been acquired and the improvements built thereon at the instance and under the direction of the said JOSEPH F. RUTHERFORD and dedicated to Jehovah God and to His King Christ who is the rightful ruler of the earth and for the express purpose of being used by those who are servants of Jehovah God. For this reason the provision is made in this deed that the property shall be for ever used for that purpose subject to any encumbrances that may have been placed thereupon. IT IS FURTHER PROVIDED that if the said JOSEPH F. RUTHERFORD while alive on the earth shall by lease, deed or contract provide that any other person or persons connected with the said WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY shall have the right to reside on said premises until the appearing of David or some of the other men mentioned in the eleventh chapter of Hebrews as above set forth even such person or persons so designated by the said JOSEPH F. RUTHERFORD in such lease or other paper writing shall have the right and privilege of residing on said premises until the same be taken possession of by David or some of the other men herein named and this property and premises being dedicated to Jehovah and the use of his kingdom it shall be used as such for ever. Any persons appearing to take possession of said premises shall first prove and identify themselves to the proper officers of said Society as the person or persons described in Hebrews chapter eleven and in this deed. (...) 24th day of December A.D. 1929. (The Golden Age March 19, 1930 pp. 406-407).

 

Motives to build Beth-Sarim

 

Beth-Sarim was built “as a testimony to the name of Jehovah”

 

The title to Beth-Sarim is vested in the WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY in trust, to be used by the president of the Society and his assistants for the present, and thereafter to be for ever at the disposal of the aforementioned princes on the earth. To be sure, everything then on the earth will belong to the Lord, and neither the Lord nor the princes need others to build houses for them; but it was thought well and pleasing to God that the aforementioned house be built as a testimony to the name of Jehovah and showing faith in his announced purposes. The house has served as a testimony to many persons throughout the earth, and while the unbelievers have mocked concerning it and spoken contemptuously of it, yet it stands there as a testimony to Jehovah's name; and if and when the princes do return and some of them occupy the property, such will be a confirmation of the faith and hope that induced the building of Beth-Sarim. (Salvation 1939 p. 311).

 

Beth-Sarim built due to illness of the President

 

Brother Rutherford had a severe case of pneumonia after his release from unjust imprisonment in 1919. Thereafter, he had only one good lung. In the 1920’s, under a doctor’s treatment, he went to San Diego, California, and the doctor urged him to spend as much time as possible there. From 1929 on, Brother Rutherford spent the winters working at a San Diego residence he had named Beth-Sarim. Beth-Sarim was built with funds that were a direct contribution for that purpose. The deed, which was published in full in “The Golden Age” of March 19, 1930, conveyed this property to J. F. Rutherford and thereafter to the Watch Tower Society. (...) A few years after Brother Rutherford’s death, the board of directors of the Watch Tower Society decided to sell Beth-Sarim. Why? “The Watchtower” of December 15, 1947, explained: “It had fully served its purpose and was now only serving as a monument quite expensive to keep; our faith in the return of the men of old time whom the King Christ Jesus will make princes in ALL the earth (not merely in California) is based, not upon that house Beth-Sarim, but upon God’s Word of promise.” (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 76).

 

We see that although patriarchs were not resurrected, the Watchtower Society claimed that Beth-Sarim “had fully served its purpose”. 

            In the same year when Beth-Sarim was sold, the Watchtower Society presented its new opinion on building houses for the resurrected people.

 

Why not build now for housing resurrected faithful ones? (...) If necessary, the Lord God could have the survivors of Armageddon and the faithful ancients whom he raises from the dead occupy such vacated houses and factories of which he dispossesses the wicked users at the battle of Armageddon. (The Watchtower February 15, 1948 p. 58).

 

The time of the resurrection of “princes”

 

Resurrection in 1914

 

By 1914, the faithful pre-Christian servants of God had not been resurrected on earth as princely representatives of the Messianic King, as had been expected, nor had the remaining ones of the “little flock” joined Christ in the heavenly Kingdom in that year. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 138).

 

Resurrection in 1925

 

Further, the widely circulated booklet Millions Now Living Will Never Die presented the view that in 1925, God’s purposes regarding the restoring of the earth to Paradise and the resurrecting of the faithful ones of old would begin to be fulfilled. The endurance of the anointed seemed to be nearly completed. (The Watchtower November 1, 1993 p. 11).

 

The twenties and thirties of the 20th century – the resurrection within the “next few years”

 

Because Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the other faithful prophets described by the Apostle Paul in Hebrews 11 are promised a better resurrection; (...) Hence these faithful men may be expected on earth within the next few years. They will constitute the legal representatives of the Christ in the earth. (The Harp of God 1921, 1927 p. 339-340).

 

Polish edition of the book printed in 1929 and 1930 still contained the above words (See p. 352), which were changed in the English edition of 1928.

 

Forties of the 20th century – the resurrection “any day now”

 

(...) and hence those faithful men of old may be expected back from the dead any day now. The Scriptures give good reason to believe that it shall be shortly before Armageddon breaks. In this expectation the house at San Diego, California, which house has been much publicized with malicious intent by the religious enemy, was built, in 1930, and named “Beth-Sarim”, meaning “House of the Princes”. It is now held in trust for the occupancy of those princes on their return. (The New World 1942 p. 104).

 

See: Consolation 27.05 1942 p. 13 (and we may expect to see Daniel and the other mentioned princes any day now!); The Watchtower September 15, 1941 p. 275; The Watchtower February 1, 1942 p. 47; Hope 1942 p. 57.

 

Resurrection “within the life of the present generation”

 

Those faithful men mentioned in the Bible, from Abel to John the Baptist (Heb. 11), God will raise up out of death and give them life as perfect men. (...) In a very short time from now, and within the life of the present generation, these faithful men will be brought back and given perfect human life on the earth, and will assume the affairs of government to which they have been appointed, and therefore will be the visible governors amongst all the peoples of the earth. (The Kingdom, the Hope of the World 1931 p. 49).

 

Chronology and Adam’s creation

 

Year of Adam’s creation

 

Year 4128 or 4129 B.C.E.

 

So, then, whereas Usher dates A. D. 1 as the year 4005 from the creation of Adam, it really was, as we have shown, the year 4129, according to the Bible record, thus showing the year 1872 A. D. to be the year of the world 6000, and 1873 A. D. the commencement of the seventh thousand-year period, the seventh millennium, or thousand-year day of earth's history. (The Time is at Hand 1902, 1927 pp. 53-54).

 

According to Bible chronology thereafter adopted, it was understood that 6,000 years of man’s existence on earth ended in 1872, whereas six millenniums of human sin concluded and the seventh millennium began in 1874. (...) Man’s creation was placed in 4128 and sin’s entrance in 4126 B.C.E. (The Watchtower August 15, 1974 p. 507).

 

Year 4028 B.C.E.

 

From Adam's creation to the end of B.C.1 was 4,028 years (“The Truth Shall Make You Free” 1943 p. 152). See The Golden Age March 27, 1935 p. 413.

 

Year 4026 B.C.E.

 

Start of the week of Creation 46026 [Date B.C.] (…)

End of the sixth day (land animals; man created) 4026 [Date B.C.] (“Equipped for Every Good Work” 1946 p. 143).

See “The Kingdom Is at Hand” 1944 p. 171.

 

Year 4025 B.C.E.

 

(...) from the creation of Adam to 1 B.C., whereas the Watchtower calendar gave 4,024 (from fall of 4025 B.C. to fall of 1 B.C.) (The Watchtower May 15, 1958, p. 297).

 

4025, Adam created (Watch Tower Publications Index 1930-1960 1961 p. 76).

 

Year 4026 B.C.E.

 

However, Bible chronology which indicates that Adam was created in the fall of the year 4026 B.C.E. would bring us down to the year 1975 C.E. as the date marking 6,000 years of human history with yet 1,000 years to come for Christ’s Kingdom rule. So whatever the date for the end of this system, it is clear that the time left is reduced, with only approximately six years left until the end of 6,000 years of human history. (The Watchtower May 1, 1970 p. 273).

 

Year 4026 or 4027 B.C.E.

 

There are no actual records of ancient man, his writing, agriculture, and other pursuits, extending into the past before 4026 (or 4027) B.C.E., the date of Adam's creation. According to Bible chronology, 6,000 years of man's history will end about 1974 or 1975 C.E. (Aid to Bible Understanding 1971 p. 1100; see p. 23 [4027], p. 642 [4026 or 4027]).

 

Year 4026 B.C.E.

 

There are no actual records of ancient man, his writing, agriculture, and other pursuits, extending into the past before 4026 B.C.E., the date of Adam’s creation. (Insight on the Scriptures 1988, Vol. 2, p. 303).

 

Year of Eve’s creation marking the start of God’s rest

 

When nothing happened in 1975, the Watchtower Society changed its concepts concerning the time of Eve’s creation and the start of God’s rest.

 

Time of Eve’s creation and God’s rest is known

 

Does God's rest day parallel the time man has been on earth since his creation? Apparently so. From the most reliable investigations of Bible chronology, harmonizing with many accepted dates of secular history, we find that Adam was created in the autumn of the year 4026 B.C.E. Sometime in that same year Eve could well have been created, directly after which God's rest day commenced. In what year, then, would the first 6,000 years of man's existence and also the first 6,000 years of God's rest day come to an end? The year 1975. (Awake! October 8, 1966 p. 19).

 

Since it was also Jehovah’s purpose for man to multiply and fill the earth, it is logical that he would create Eve soon after Adam, perhaps just a few weeks or months later in the same year, 4026 B.C.E. After her creation, God’s rest day, the seventh period, immediately followed. (The Watchtower May 1, 1968 p. 271).

 

According to reliable Bible chronology, Adam and Eve were created in 4026 B.C.E. (Awake! October 8, 1968 p. 14).

 

Unknown time of Eve’s creation and God’s rest

 

How much time elapsed between the creation of the man and that of the woman? The Bible does not reveal this. (The Watchtower July 15, 1976, p. 436).

 

It shows a time lapse between the creation of Adam and that of his wife, Eve. During that time, God had Adam name the animals. Whether that period amounted to weeks or months or years, we do not know. So we do not know exactly when Jehovah’s great “rest day” began, nor do we know exactly when it will end. The same applies to the beginning of Christ’s millennial reign. The Bible provides us no way to fix the date, and so it does us no good to speculate when that date may be. (The Watchtower October 1, 1975 p. 579).

 

The length of the creative days

 

The creative day is exactly 7,000 years

 

The Bible record, together with verifiable history, indicates that the seventh day of that creative week covers a period of 7,000 years. Hence, each of the six preceding “days” would be of the same length. (Awake! November 8, 1982 p. 7).

 

Second, a study of the fulfillment of Bible prophecy and of our location in the stream of time strongly indicate that each of the creative days (Genesis, chapter 1) is 7,000 years long. It is understood that Christ’s reign of a thousand years will bring to a close God’s 7,000-year ‘rest day,’ the last ‘day’ of the creative week. (Revelation 20:6; Genesis 2:2, 3) Based on this reasoning, the entire creative week would be 49,000 years long. (The Watchtower January 1, 1987 p. 30).

 

The creative day is “at least thousands of years” in length (teaching since 1988)

 

This makes it evident that each creative day, or work period, was at least thousands of years in length. (Insight on the Scriptures 1988, Vol. 1, p. 594).

 

How long, then, were the creative days? The wording of Genesis chapters 1 and 2 indicates that considerable lengths of time were involved. (Awake! No. 9, 2006 p. 19).

 

The last days

 

Time of the end since 1798

 

The overthrow of that dominion in 1798 by the French Revolution marked the beginning of the “time of the end” (Dan. XI. 35)... (The Watchtower August 1879 p. 24, reprints).

 

Time of the end since 1799 (teaching since 1889)

 

Then in 1799 A. D. began “the time of the end”. (The Watchtower December 1, 1928 p. 363).

 

Time of the end since 1914 (teaching since 1929)

 

Jehovah’s Witnesses have consistently shown from the Scriptures that the year 1914 marked the beginning of this world’s time of the end and that “the day of judgment and of destruction of the ungodly men” has drawn near. (The Watchtower August 15, 1993 p. 9).

 

“Gentile times”

 

They are, we believe. God’s dates, not ours. But bear in mind that the end of 1914 is not the date for the beginning, but for the end of the time of trouble. (The Watchtower July 15, 1894 p. 1677, reprints).

 

The beginning of “Gentile times”

 

Two mistakes!

 

At this point some will inquire why Charles T. Russell in 1877 used the date 606 B.C. for the fall of Jerusalem whereas The Watchtower of late years has been using 607 B.C. This is because, in the light of modern scholarship, two slight errors were discovered to have been made which cancel each other out and make for the same result, namely, 1914. Concerning the first error, Russell and others considered 1 B.C. to A.D. 1 as being two years whereas in fact this is only one year because, as has been said above, there is no “zero” year in the B.C.-A.D. system for counting years. “The Christian era began, not with no year, but with a 1st year.”—The Westminster Dictionary of the Bible, p. 102. The second error had to do with not beginning the count of the 2,520 years at the right point in view of historic facts and circumstances. (The Watchtower May 1, 1952 p. 271).

 

Providentially, those Bible Students had not realized that there is no zero year between “B.C.” and “A.D.” Later, when research made it necessary to adjust B.C. 606 to 607 B.C.E., the zero year was also eliminated, so that the prediction held good at “A.D. 1914.”—See “The Truth Shall Make You Free,” published by Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1943, page 239. (Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand! 1988, 2006 p. 105).

 

Year 606 (teaching until 1942)

 

The date of the overthrow of Zedekiah is positively fixed by the Scriptures and also by profane history as 606 B. C. It was in that year that Satan became the god of the entire world, that is to say, the invisible ruler over all the nations of the earth. (Government 1928 p. 164).

 

That was in 606 B.C., and there the “seven times”, the “times of the Gentiles”, began. (Daniel 4:16, 23, 25, 32; Leviticus 26:18, 21, 24, 28; Luke 21:24) Reckoned according to prophetic time, those times were due to run 2,520 years (7 x 360 years) and hence ran out in A.D. 1914. (The New World 1942 pp. 77-78).

 

Year 607 (teaching since 1943)

 

Counting 2,520 years from 607 B.C.E. brings us to 1914 C.E. That is the year when “the appointed times of the nations,” or seven times, ended. This means that Jesus Christ began to rule as King of God’s Kingdom in 1914. (The Watchtower July 15, 2006 p. 7).

 

The year when “Gentile times” ended

 

Year 1914

 

In 1875, Nelson H. Barbour wrote in his magazine Herald of the Morning that 1914 marked the end of a period that Jesus called “the appointed times of the nations.”—Luke 21:24. (Awake! November 8, 1994 p. 10).

 

In 1876 the Bible student Charles Taze Russell contributed the article “Gentile Times: When Do They End?” to the Bible Examiner, published in Brooklyn, New York, which said on page 27 of its October issue, “The seven times will end in A.D. 1914.” The Gentile Times is the period referred to in another Bible translation as “the appointed times of the nations.” (Luke 21:24) (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Who Are They? What Do They Believe? 2000 pp. 6-7).

 

Year 1915

 

The next thing in order, following the expiration of the "seven times" (2,520 years, to 1915 A. D.), will be the establishment of Messiah’s kingdom and its recognition by the children of Israel, and the blessing of all the families of the earth. (The Watchtower August 1, 1911 p. 4867, reprints).

 

Thus “seven times” would mean seven times three hundred and sixty, that is, 2520 years. That period is apparently due to expire in 1915. In other words, very soon the Gentile lease of Earthly Dominion expires. (Scenario of the Photo-Drama of Creation 1914 p. 50).

 

(...) but went on – Jordan representing the end of the Times of the Gentiles, 1915. As Jordan was the last point to which Elijah was directed, so 1915 is the last point to which the church has been directed. (The Watchtower January 1, 1916 p. 5824, reprints).

 

Year 1914

 

Did the Times of the Gentiles end by October 1st, 1914? It certainly looks very much as if they did. The great nations of the world there began to go to pieces under the terrible shaking process then begun. The shaking is still going on, day by day, week by week, and will continue until the work of destruction is complete. (The Watchtower February 1, 1916 p. 5845, reprints).

 

The Scriptures clearly mark 1914 as the year when “the appointed times of the nations” ended and the Kingdom was established. (Luke 21:24) (The Watchtower May 15, 2009 p. 18).

 

The exact date of the end of the “Gentile times”

 

Probably September 20, 1914

 

This leads us to expect that the remaining prophetic periods will have a similar fulfilment, and that September 20 of this year. 1914, probably marked the end of the Gentile times. (The Watchtower November 1, 1914 p. 5566, reprints).

See The Watchtower July 1, 1915 p. 5721, reprints.

 

October 1, 1914

 

Hence God permitted the various delusions to gain credence in order to hold men in check until ‘The Time of the End’ — the end of ‘The Times of the Gentiles’ (which expired October 1, 1914). (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 262).

 

Finally, that day arrived—October 1, 1914. The Gentile Times ended, but the anticipated heavenly glorification of the church did not come about. In fact, it had not occurred by the time Russell himself died on October 31, 1916. Rather, great trouble and persecution came upon those desirous of meeting the Bridegroom. (The Watchtower August 15, 1974 p. 507).

 

August 1, 1914

 

The last king of Israel was overthrown in B. C. 606. There began the Gentile times. (...) This period of time necessarily would expire in 1914, August 1, to be exact. The end of the Gentile times and the end of the world would necessarily mark the time for the beginning of the new world. (A Desirable Government 1924 p. 23).

 

This period of 2520 years began in the year 606 B.C. with the overthrow of Zedekiah, and necessarily ended with the year 1914 A.D. Reckoning by Jewish time, and having in mind the atonement day at the end of which the jubilee trumpet was sounded, this period of 2520 years must end about August 1, 1914. (Life 1929 pp. 129-130).

 

October 1, 1914

 

Whereas those days of Revelation 12:6, 14 began after Satan was cast out of heaven, the 1,260 days of Daniel 12:7 began at the end of the Gentile times, about October 1, 1914. (The Watchtower July 1, 1951 p. 409).

 

Adding the 1,913 years and nine months to the 606 years and three months before the Common Era gives us the 2,520-year period from October 1, 607 B.C.E., to October 1, 1914 C.E. This is the period of the “times of the nations” of which Jesus spoke. That this calculation is correct is clearly corroborated by the many visible events that Jesus foretold and that have come to pass since 1914. (The Watchtower May 1, 1968 p. 269).

 

October 4/5, 1914

 

Both the Bible’s time schedule and the physical facts of history prove that the Gentile Times, “the appointed times of the nations,” ended in 1914 C.E. about October 4/5 that year. (Luke 21:24) (The Watchtower January 15, 1970 p. 50).

 

The remaining 1,914 years stretch from then to 1914 C.E. Thus, the “seven times,” or 2,520 years, ended by Tishri 15, or October 4/5, 1914 C.E. (Pay Attention to Daniel’s Prophecy! 1999 p. 97).

 

October 1914 or year 1914

 

2,520 years

October 607 B.C.E.   C.E. October 1914 (The Watchtower July 15, 2006 p. 6).

 

The Scriptures clearly mark 1914 as the year when “the appointed times of the nations” ended and the Kingdom was established. (Luke 21:24) (The Watchtower May 15, 2009 p. 18).

 

Expectations for the end of the “Gentile times” in 1914-1915

 

Not all that was expected to happen in 1914 did happen, but it did mark the end of the Gentile Times and was a year of special significance. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Who Are They? What Do They Believe? 2000 p. 7).

 

October 1914 passed, and C. T. Russell and his associates were still on earth. Then October 1915 passed. Was Russell disappointed? (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 62).

 

As the years 1914 and then 1915 passed, those spirit-anointed Christians waited eagerly for the fulfillment of their heavenly hope. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 211).

 

By 1914, the faithful pre-Christian servants of God had not been resurrected on earth as princely representatives of the Messianic King, as had been expected, nor had the remaining ones of the “little flock” joined Christ in the heavenly Kingdom in that year. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 138).

 

This invisible presence was expected to continue until the Gentile Times ended in 1914, when the Gentile nations would be destroyed and the remnant of the “chaste virgin” class would be glorified with their Bridegroom in heaven by death and resurrection to live in the spirit. (...). Finally, that day arrived—October 1, 1914. The Gentile Times ended, but the anticipated heavenly glorification of the church did not come about. In fact, it had not occurred by the time Russell himself died on October 31, 1916. Rather, great trouble and persecution came upon those desirous of meeting the Bridegroom. (The Watchtower August 15, 1974 p. 507).

 

The Tree from Daniel 4 (the change of identification)

 

The tree is the original kingdom of the world

 

This remarkable tree, in its glory and beauty, represented the first dominion of earth given to the human race in its representative and head... (The Time is at Hand 1902, 1927 p. 94).

 

The tree is Lucifer’s heavenly office

 

Therefore the great tree reaching unto heaven that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon saw pictured Lucifer's heavenly office... (“The Truth Shall Make You Free” 1943 p. 235).

 

The tree represents divine rulership

 

The tall tree in Daniel chapter 4 represents divine rulership. (You Can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth 1989 p. 139).

 

The tree therefore represents the supreme rulership of God, particularly in its relationship to the earth. This rulership was expressed for a time through the kingdom that Jehovah set up over the nation of Israel. (The Watchtower July 15, 2006 p. 6).

 

History and the year 607 B.C.E.

 

History does not confirm that year

 

After the destruction of Jerusalem in 607 B.C.E., the remnant of Judah fled to Egypt (...) The 40-year desolation of Egypt may have followed that conquest. While secular history provides no evidence of this desolation, we can be confident that it took place because Jehovah is the Fulfiller of prophecy.—Isaiah 55:11. (The Watchtower August 1, 2007 p. 8).

 

History confirms the year

 

Jerusalem was destroyed in 607 B.C.E., more than 40 years after Zephaniah had foretold it. Not only do we have secular history’s word for this but the Bible itself contains internal proof that this happened exactly as Zephaniah had prophesied. (“All Scripture Is Inspired of God and Beneficial” 1990 p. 164)

 

Trampling of Jerusalem (Luke 21:24)

 

Earthly Jerusalem – the literal city and the Jewish people

 

Furthermore, the Jews are gathering into their homeland and rebuilding it, even as Jesus foretold they would at the end of the world. — Luke 21: 24. (Government 1928 p. 174).

 

“And Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” (Luke 21:24) Jerusalem here undoubtedly refers to the Jewish people, because the text distinguishes them from the Gentiles. (Deliverance 1926 p. 241).

 

Heavenly Jerusalem – the Kingdom of God

 

In time they also came to realize that the Jerusalem that was exalted at the end of the Gentile Times was not a mere earthly city, or even a people on earth represented by that city, but, rather, “heavenly Jerusalem,” where Jehovah installed his Son, Jesus Christ, with ruling authority in 1914.—Heb. 12:22. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 142).

 

As Jesus showed in his prophecy pointing to the conclusion of the system of things, Jerusalem would be “trampled on by the nations, until the appointed times of the nations” were fulfilled. (Luke 21:24) “Jerusalem” represented the Kingdom of God because its kings were said to sit on “the throne of the kingship of Jehovah.” (1 Chron. 28:4, 5; Matt. 5:34, 35) So, the Gentile governments, represented by wild beasts, would ‘trample’ on the right of God’s Kingdom to direct human affairs and would themselves hold sway under Satan’s control. (Reasoning From the Scriptures 1989 p. 96).

 

2300 evenings and mornings

 

2300 evenings and mornings ending in 1843

 

As 490 years of the 2300, ended at or about the time of the crucifixion, viz: A. D. 33, the ending of the balance of the “days” can be determined, 490 from 2300, leaves 1810. Therefore, 1810 years after the ending of the seventy weeks, must mark the end of the longer period; and 1810 added to A. D. 33, reach to 1843. (The Three Worlds, and the Harvest of This World 1877 p. 160).

 

2300 evenings and mornings ending in 1846 (calculated from the year 454 B.C.E.)

 

This work of cleansing the true church, the sanctuary class, from the defilements of the dark ages culminated, we believe, in 1846, the time of the fulfilment of the 2300 days. (The Watchtower November 1, 1914 p. 5565, reprints).

 

2300 evenings and mornings ending in 1932 (teaching since 1933)

 

“TWO THOUSAND AND THREE HUNDRED EVENINGS AND MORNINGS” (Daniel 8:14, RS):

Began in the month of May, 1926, at the London (England) International Convention (May 25-31)

Ended on October 15, 1932, with the official publication of notice in The Watchtower (The Watchtower June 15, 1960 p. 380).

See Preparation 1933 p. 357.

 

2300 evenings and mornings ending in 1944 (teaching since 1971)

 

So 2,300 days would amount to six lunar years, four lunar months and twenty days. That amount of time counted from Sivan 2 (June 1), 1938, would end on Tishri 21 (October 8), 1944, or, counted from Sivan 16 (June 15), 1938, it would end on Heshvan 5 (October 22), 1944. (The Watchtower December 1, 1971 p. 725).

See Pay Attention to Daniel’s Prophecy! 1999 p. 301.

 

Inspection on the earth and coming to the temple

 

Year 1878

 

It was at the second convention of the International Bible Students at Cedar Point, Ohio, September 5-13, 1922, that these anointed “children” of the Greater Isaiah really got their eyes opened by means of God’s holy Word and spirit and his temple organization, and they appreciated that Jehovah had been present at his spiritual temple, not since 1878, but since a more recent time. (...) Jehovah God as being at his spiritual temple since 1918 (...) See the Watch Tower publication The Time Is at Hand (edition of 1889), pages 218-247, as to what the year 1878 was thought to mark. Later The Watch Tower under date of February 1 and 15, 1928, calculated the date 1918 as the time for the coming to the temple. (The Watchtower December 15, 1966 p. 759).

 

The year 1917 or about 1918 (teaching since 1922)

 

We believe, therefore, that the day of preparation ended in 1914; and that in 1918, or thereabouts, the Lord came to his temple. This coming to the temple was for judgment, because judgment must first begin at the house of God. (The Watchtower November 1, 1922 p. 334).

 

When the Lord came to his temple in 1918 (the autumn of 1917, modern time) that was the time for the beginning of judgment. Whether the saints then realized it or not, those who really loved the Lord went forth declaring... (The Watchtower August 15, 1926 p. 244).

 

At the beginning of that judgment, in 1918 or thereabouts, there stood before Christ the great Judge a company of persons who had entered into a covenant to do the will of God... (The Watchtower December 15, 1937 p. 373).

 

On the above-mentioned page 334, par. 8, the printed speech said: “We believe, therefore, that the day of preparation ended in 1914, and that in 1918, or thereabouts, the Lord came to his temple. This coming to the temple was for judgment, because judgment must first begin at the house of God. (1 Peter 4:17)” (The Watchtower December 15, 1966 p. 757).

See Jehovah’s Witnesses in the Divine Purpose 1959 p. 101.

 

Year 1918

 

Since the close of World War I in 1918 a thorough inspection of Christendom has been made by Jehovah, and shortly, at his appointed time, he must give her due attention, just as he did to ancient Jerusalem. Then her self-confident religionists will stumble to their fall into destruction. (The Watchtower August 1, 1979 p. 20).

 

In modern times, this prophecy evidently started to be fulfilled in 1918 when Jehovah, along with “the messenger of the covenant,” Jesus Christ, inspected the spiritual temple. (The Watchtower March 15, 2010 p. 23).

 

Year 1914 (teaching since 2013)

 

To settle that question, Jesus began to inspect the spiritual temple in 1914. That inspection and cleansing work involved a period of time—from 1914 to the early part of 1919*. (...) *This is an adjustment in understanding. Previously, we thought that Jesus’ inspection took place in 1918. (The Watchtower July 15, 2013 pp. 11, 14).

 

Jubilee of the earth

 

Year 1874

 

Christ’s presence was thought to have begun in October 1874, at the start of the great antitypical Jubilee.—Lev. chap. 25; Rev. 20:4. (The Watchtower August 15, 1974 p. 507).

See Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 pp. 631-632.

 

Year 1925

 

The year 1925 also held expectations for Jehovah’s servants. It was thought that a cycle of 70 typical Jubilees (70 × 50 years) from the time Israel entered the Promised Land would end in 1925 and mark the beginning of the great antitypical Jubilee, the Millennial Reign of Christ Jesus. It did not turn out that way. (The Watchtower February 15, 1984 pp. 23-24).

 

The generation of 1914

 

(...) NOW has come the time to sound out the good news of the great Jubilee of the new world as by a blast on a trumpet. (...) ALL these experiences of this generation were foretold by Jesus Christ as stamping our time the “time of the end” of Satan’s world and the time for God’s kingdom to rule in the midst of all its enemies seen and unseen. Jesus said: “When you see these things occurring, know that the kingdom of God is near. Truly I say to you, This generation will by no means pass away until all things occur.”—Luke 21:31, 32, NW. (The Watchtower August 1, 1951 p. 462-463).

 

Year 1975?

 

According to this trustworthy Bible chronology six thousand years from man's creation will end in 1975, and the seventh period of a thousand years of human history will begin in the fall of 1975 C. E. (...) HOW appropriate it would be for Jehovah God to make of this coming seventh period of a thousand years a sabbath period of rest and release, a great Jubilee sabbath for the proclaiming of liberty throughout the earth to all its inhabitants! (Life Everlasting—In Freedom of the Sons of God 1966 pp. 29-30).

 

The generation of 1914

 

Evidences indicate that this glorious “Jubilee” rest is very near. (...) Happily, this relief is in sight! Jesus went on to say that people now hearing this good news would see the “Jubilee.” He told those listening to him: “When you see these things occurring, know that the kingdom of God is near. Truly I say to you, This generation will by no means pass away until all things occur.”—Luke 21:31, 32. (The Watchtower August 1, 1976 p. 455).

 

Year 33 C.E.

 

The meaning of the Christian Jubilee was thoroughly explained in 1987. (The Watchtower February 15, 2006 p. 30).

 

The understanding of the antitypical Jubilee also received some clarification. (...) It was long understood that this foreshadowed the Thousand Year Reign of Christ. In more recent times, however, it was seen that the antitypical Jubilee actually began at Pentecost 33 C.E. (...).—The Watchtower, January 1, 1987, pages 18-28. (The Watchtower May 15, 1995 p. 24).

 

“Few years”

 

At least from 1916 until 1972 the Watchtower Society often used such expressions as “few years” or “few short years”. It was used for the time of coming Armageddon, taking believers to heaven, etc. Today, not only a “few years”, but 100 years passed from the year 1916.

 

Year 1916

 

We see no reason for doubting, therefore, that the Times of the Gentiles ended in October, 1914; and that a few more years will witness their utter collapse and the full establishment of God’s kingdom in the hands of Messiah. But by that time, the Elijah class will have passed beyond the Veil; for “when he [Jesus] shall appear in his glory, we [the church] also will appear with him.” (The Watchtower September 1, 1916 p. 5950, reprints).

 

Year 1921

 

Because Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the other faithful prophets described by the Apostle Paul in Hebrews 11 are promised a better resurrection; (...) Hence these faithful men may be expected on earth within the next few years. They will constitute the legal representatives of the Christ in the earth. (The Harp of God 1921 p. 339-340).

 

The proof cited herein shows that the old world (the Devil's organization) ended and began to pass away in 1914, and that this will be completed in a few years and righteousness fully established. (The Harp of God 1921 p. 333).

 

Year 1922

 

Now the decisive battle is on, and the victory is certain; for it is only a matter of a few short years until Satan will be bound. (The Watchtower November 1, 1922 p. 347).

 

Year 1923

 

More and more love is called for, now that it is but a few short years until the glorious Sun of Light will shine in full brightness for the ingathering and reconciliation of the willing and obedient of the whole world. (The Watchtower May 1, 1923 p. 132).

 

Year 1924

 

(...) we expect the full glorification of the church in about two years. (The Golden Age February 13, 1924 p. 313).

 

Year 1925

 

Because Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the other faithful prophets described by the Apostle Paul in Hebrews 11 are promised a better resurrection; (...) Hence these faithful men may be expected on earth within the next few years. They will constitute the legal representatives of the Christ in the earth. (The Harp of God 1925, 1927 p. 339-340).

 

The proof cited herein shows that the old world (the Devil's organization) ended and began to pass away in 1914, and that this will be completed in a few years and righteousness fully established. (The Harp of God 1925, 1927 p. 333).

 

Year 1928

 

The proof cited herein shows that the old world (the Devil's organization) ended and began to pass away in 1914, and that this will be completed in a few years and righteousness fully established. (The Harp of God 1928 p. 339).

 

Year 1929

 

It is a special pleasure to announce that the next few years will witness the full establishment of that kingdom which is to be the desire of all nations. (The Watchtower October 1, 1929 p. 302).

 

Year 1933

 

The time for Jehovah, God to force the war is nigh. It may not come this year, but it will not be much longer delayed; and no efforts of any creatures can stop it, because God does not change His purpose. (Escape to the Kingdom 1933 pp. 35-36).

 

Year 1935

 

Universal war is absolutely certain to come, and that soon, and no power can stop it. (...) During the few remaining months until the breaking of that universal cataclysm... (Universal War Near 1935 p. 26-27).

See The Golden Age February 13, 1935 p. 298.

 

Year 1937

 

The proof cited herein shows that the old world (the Devil's organization) ended and began to pass away in 1914, and that this will be completed in a few years and righteousness fully established. (The Harp of God 1937 p. 339).

 

Year 1938

 

Those Jonadabs who now contemplate marriage, it would seem, would do better if they wait a few years, until the fiery storm of Armageddon is gone, and to then enter the marital relationship and enjoy the blessings of participating in filling the earth with righteous and perfect children. (Face the Facts 1938 p. 50).

 

Year 1941

 

Receiving the gift [book Children], the marching children clasped it to them, not a toy or plaything for idle pleasure, but the Lord’s provided instrument for most effective work in the remaining months before Armageddon. (The Watchtower September 15, 1941 p. 288).

 

Year 1942

 

THE THEOCRACY being now established and the King being on his throne, those long-dead men of old may appear among men any day now and shall be seen and recognized by men of faith and good-will, who shall receive instruction through those "princes" among them. (Luke 13: 28, 29) There are a number of scriptures which strongly indicate that the "princes" shall be restored to life immediately before Armageddon and shall witness the destruction of Satan's invisible and visible organization about which they prophesied (Hope 1942 pp. 56-57).

See The New World 1942 p. 104.

 

The forties of the 20th century

 

For some years now both the remnant and the great crowd of strangers or “other sheep” have been looking for the promised “princes” of the new earth to appear. Their expectation has been based upon the statement of Psalm 45:16, which is addressed to the new world’s King: “Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.” In the past we have understood this to apply exclusively to the witnesses of Jehovah of ancient times before Christ, men who were either the natural forefathers of Jesus Christ, such as Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and David, or who were faithful prophets and fellow witnesses of these. Their line runs from Abel to John the Baptist, and the names and exploits of a number of them are reported in Hebrews, chapter 11. Basing it upon Hebrews 11:2, 38, the WATCH TOWER publications used to refer to them as the “ancient worthies”. (The Watchtower November 1, 1950 p. 414).

 

Year 1950

 

It expressed in a forceful way their resolve to show faithfulness during the few remaining years until the new world is established, even in the face of Satan’s certain attempts to divert them from this course. (The Watchtower April 15, 1950 p. 128).

 

Year 1954

 

This time can be called “Jehovah’s day” because it is the day when he fights for his name. Already forty years of this generation that is doomed to feel the wrath of Jehovah’s day have passed. Only a few years remain. In the most urgent sense, then, “the day of Jehovah is near upon all the nations.” (The Watchtower October 15, 1954 p. 615).

 

Year 1957

 

Do you not think it better to spend the few years you have for God’s new world of righteousness and let this world go by? (The Watchtower June 15, 1957 p. 362).

 

Year 1959

 

With the gift of eternal life he could enjoy for eternity the arts he loves. Is that not better than wrapping up his life in the arts for the few years he may live now? (The Watchtower March 1, 1959 p. 131).

 

Year 1965

 

Babylon the Great’s fall presages her destruction, even as ancient Babylon was destroyed after she had fallen; only in our day the destruction of Babylon the Great will not be delayed for centuries but only for a few short years, as Jesus intimated when he said regarding our day: “But as these things start to occur, raise yourselves erect and lift your heads up, because your deliverance is getting near. Truly I say to you, This generation will by no means pass away until all things occur.”—Luke 21:28, 32. (The Watchtower October 1, 1965 p. 603).

 

Year 1966

 

Just as right association helped to keep the Jewish nation and early Christians close to Jehovah, so it will serve the same purpose for God’s people today in these few and all-important years before Armageddon. (The Watchtower January 15, 1966 p. 42).

 

Year 1967

 

It is to come within the generation that has already seen two world wars and it is only a few short years ahead of us. (The Watchtower April 15, 1967 p. 244).

 

Year 1968

 

Within a few years at most the final parts of Bible prophecy relative to these “last days” will undergo fulfillment, resulting in the liberation of surviving mankind into Christ’s glorious 1,000-year reign. (The Watchtower May 1, 1968 p. 272).

 

Year 1969

 

Yet the time that he has set for the accomplishment of his righteous purpose toward the earth is scheduled to run out within the coming few years of this generation. (The Watchtower January 15, 1969 p. 45).

 

Year 1970

 

They also spend evenings and weekends in engaging in the Christian ministry. What a fine way for young people to serve their Creator in the few remaining years of this present violent system of things! (The Watchtower March 1, 1970 p. 146).

 

Year 1971

 

This started the long chain of events that has brought us to the few remaining years of this system of things and an environmental defilement that now threatens all life on this planet. (Awake! January 8, 1971 p. 5).

 

Year 1972

 

We are encouraged, then, to follow this good example of love for Jehovah and true worship rather than be too tied down to homes and jobs and material possessions, enjoying too much what this old system offers for a few more years. This matter is really urgent! Time is running out for those who allow themselves to be trapped by pursuit of material pleasures. (The Watchtower May 15, 1972 p. 307).

 

King of the north and king of the south

 

King of the north – Great Britain, king of the south – Egypt

 

The “king of the south” mentioned in the prophecy refers to Egypt; the “king of the north” means Great Britain, which was then an integral part of the Roman empire. (Creation 1927 p. 314).

 

King of the north – German Empire, king of the south – the Anglo-American Empire

 

Daniel's prophecy, chapter eleven, to which Jesus' own prophecy refers, declared that the “time of the end” would be featured by warlike aggressions of the Nazi-Fascist “king of the north” against the democratic “king of the south”... (“The Kingdom of God Is Nigh” 1944 p. 16).

See Comfort All That Mourn 1941 pp. 12-14.

 

King of the north - Fascist Germany and the communist bloc, king of the south - the United States and democratic states

 

For almost two years Communist Russia continued as an ally of the Nazi king of the north. It was dictatorial; it was aiming at world domination, like its ally. Only Hitler’s crafty action in attacking Russia on June 22, 1941, forced Russia onto the side of the democratic king of the south. But Russia’s fighting on the side of the western democracies would help it to defeat Nazi Germany and take over the position of the totalitarian, dictatorial king of the north. (The Watchtower January 15, 1960 p. 59).

 

King of the north – the socialistic bloc, king of the south – the capitalist states

 

(...) two superpowers, one represented as the king of the north, dominating a mostly socialistic bloc of nations, and the other represented as the king of the south, dominating a largely capitalistic bloc. (The Watchtower July 1, 1987 p. 13).

 

King of the north – unknown, the king of the south – the Anglo-American world power

 

So who is the king of the north now? Is he to be identified with one of the countries that were part of the old Soviet Union? Or is he changing identity completely, as he has a number of times before? We cannot say. (The Watchtower November 1, 1993 p. 21).

 

The king of the south became the Anglo-American World Power, the most powerful empire in history. (The Watchtower November 1, 1993 p. 14).

 

“Millions Now Living Will Never Die!”

 

From 1918 until 1925, the talk “Millions Now Living Will Never Die,” which explained the hope of everlasting life on earth, was presented by Jehovah’s servants in over 30 languages worldwide. (The Watchtower August 15, 2009 p. 16).

 

The campaign with the new book Millions Now Living Will Never Die! was vigorously carried on at this time, necessitating the printing and distribution of large quantities of copies of it. On this same subject public lectures, together with much newspaper advertising, were conducted the world over. In fact the campaign was so impressive that the title itself is still a byword among many in America and Europe to this day. (The Watchtower May 15, 1955 p. 297).

 

At the first “millions will never die” was a promise to all people

 

THE emphatic announcement that millions now living on earth will never die must seem presumptuous to many people; but when the evidence is carefully considered I believe that almost every fair mind will concede that the conclusion is a reasonable one. (Millions Now Living Will Never Die! 1920 p. 5).

 

POSITIVE PROMISE

(...) Based upon the argument heretofore set forth, then, that the old order of things, the old world, is ending and is therefore passing away, and that the new order is coming in, and that 1925 shall mark the resurrection of the faithful worthies of old and the beginning of reconstruction, it is reasonable to conclude that millions of people now on the earth will be still on the earth in 1925. Then, based upon the promises set forth in the divine Word, we must reach the positive and indisputable conclusion that millions now living will never die. (Millions Now Living Will Never Die! 1920 pp. 96-97).

 

“Many will never die” – the promise for Jehovah's Witnesses

 

But note this too: before the service year of Jehovah’s witnesses ended there were 871,737 persons who associated themselves with Jehovah’s witnesses and did ministerial work. (The Watchtower January 1, 1960 p. 19).

 

Will Many Now Living Never Die? (The Watchtower April 1, 1959 p. 217).

 

Associate with the multitudes who are living for Jehovah’s new world and who now form a New World society. Serve Jehovah, his King and the Kingdom alongside these dedicated witnesses of the Most High. Embrace their Scriptural hope and be among the many persons now living who will never die. (The Watchtower April 1, 1959 p. 219).

 

Many Now Living Will Never Die (The Watchtower August 1, 1974 p. 480).

See The Watchtower April 1, 1980 p. 31; Awake! November 22, 1984 p. 32.

 

Again, “millions will never die” – the promise to Jehovah's Witnesses

 

All the 2,501,722 loyal publishers of the Kingdom... (The Watchtower January 1, 1984 p. 30).

 

Why Say “Millions Now Alive”?

The eyebrow-raising declaration “Millions now alive will never die off our earth” is not based upon a mere human mathematical calculation... (The Watchtower October 1, 1983 p. 16).

 

Millions Now Living Will Never Die

This is no wild assertion. There are sound reasons to believe it. The Watchtower and Awake! magazines regularly point to these Bible-based reasons. Send only $10 and you will receive both magazines (four copies a month) for one year, postpaid. (Awake! May 22, 1989 p. 32).

 

Jehovah’s name will be revered, sanctified, not only by millions now living who need never die but also by thousands of millions of humankind whom he will call forth from their graves during his thousand-year Kingdom rule. They will have the opportunity of living on a paradise earth forever. (The Watchtower January 1, 1990 p. 14).

 

Abandoning the promise that “millions now living will never die” in 1995?

 

Since the end of Satan’s world is so close, sheeplike Christians would dearly enjoy living until Jehovah’s sovereignty is vindicated during the coming tribulation on Babylon the Great and the rest of Satan’s world. (...) For a great number, it has not worked out that way. Many who had hoped to be among the “millions” who would never die have indeed died. (...) Clearly, more will die before the end comes. (The Watchtower February 15, 1995 p. 9).

 

“Abomination of desolation”

 

“Abomination of desolation” as the papacy

 

In preceding chapters we saw the identity of the presumptuous, peculiar “little horn” of Dan. 7 :8, 11, 20-26, with the “Man of Sin” of 2 Thes. 2 :3, and with the “Abomination of Desolation” foretold by our Lord in Matt. 24: 15 ; and also that the same papal power is referred to in Dan. 8:9, 10, 23-25. (Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 95).

 

“Abomination of desolation” as the League of Nations (teaching since 1921)

 

In further Scriptural support of this, the magazine The Watch Tower boldly spoke out. In its issue of January 1, 1921, on page 12 and under the subheading “Spoken of by Daniel,” it gave reasons for believing that the world organization for peace and security, the League of Nations, was the “abomination of desolation” foretold by Jesus Christ in Matthew 24:15, King James Version. (The Watchtower December 1, 1971 p. 718).

 

Interestingly, before the year 1921 the Watchtower Society published very positive statements about the League of Nations.

 

We cannot but admire the high principles embodied in the proposed League of Nations, formulated undoubtedly by those who have no knowledge of the great plan of God..(...). The President’s idea seems to be that the League of Nations which he proposes should stand for world service rather than mere world regulation in the military sense, and that the very smallest of nations shall be participants in its every arrangement. In other words, his idea undoubtedly is that the league shall not be established merely for the purpose of promoting peace by threat or coercion; but that its purpose, when put into operation, will be to make of all nations of earth one great family, working together for the common benefit in all the avenues of national life. Truly this is idealistic, and approximates in a small way that which God has foretold that he will bring about after this great time of trouble. (The Watchtower February 15, 1919 p. 6389, reprints).

 

“Abomination of desolation” as the UN which already stands in the “holy place” (teaching since 1945)

 

When the combination “scarlet-colored wild beast” appeared in 1920 as the League of Nations, and when it reappeared in 1945 as the United Nations, “Babylon the Great” maneuvered so as to get astride this international body, to gain benefit and profit. She takes no account of the fact that this “disgusting thing” of a political kind stands where it ought not to stand, trespassing in the “holy place” that is now rightly the domain of the “heavenly Jerusalem,” God’s kingdom by Messiah. (The Watchtower September 15, 1982 p. 20).

 

“Abomination of desolation” will stand in a holy place in the future (scince since 1999)

 

So “the disgusting thing that causes desolation,” which has existed since 1919, apparently is yet to stand in a holy place. (The Watchtower May 1, 1999 pp. 16-17).

 

Railway train, airplane and other equipment

 

Railway train (Nahum 2:3-6; Daniel 12:4)

 

Nahum 2:3; Daniel 12:4 – prophecies about a railway train

 

Nahum was the next one of the holy Prophets; and after prophesying in the last verse of the preceding chapter about the coming of the King with His good tidings of peace to the sin-burdened earth, he next tells (Nahum 2:3-6) of an interesting thing that will be a matter of common everyday experience at the time the Kingdom is established. He describes a railway train in motion [not an automobile, as some think], and if we will be at the trouble to put ourselves in the Prophet's place we can see just what he saw in his vision and what he has so interestingly described. First, the Prophet stands looking at the engine coming toward him, and then says, “The shield [the thing ahead of this great warrior — the headlight] is made red [shines brilliantly], the valiant men [the engineer and the fireman] are dyed scarlet [when the flames from the firebox illuminate the interior of the cab at night, as the fireman opens the firedoor to throw in the coal]. The chariots [the railway coaches] shall be with [shall be preceded by locomotives that, at night, have the appearance of] flaming torches, in the Day of Preparation.” Next the Prophet takes his place in the train and looks out of the window, and, seemingly, “The fir trees shall be terribly shaken [the telegraph poles alongside the track seem to be fairly dancing]. The chariots shall rage in the streets [a railway is merely an elaborate, scientifically constructed street, or highway], they shall justle one against another in the broad ways [the clanking and bumping of the cars together is one of the significant items of railway travel]. They shall seem like torches [a railway train at night, rushing through a distant field, looks like nothing so much as a vast torch, going at flying speed], they shall run like the lightnings.” Next the Prophet sees the conductor coming for his ticket and says, “He shall recount his worthies [the conductor spends his entire time, almost, counting and recounting his passengers, keeping them checked up, etc.]; they shall stumble in their walk [try walking on a rapidly moving train]; they shall make haste to the wall thereof [to the next city or town] and the coverer [the train shed, the station] shall be prepared [the baggageman, expressman, mail wagon, hotel bus, intending passengers, and friends to meet incoming passengers, will all be there waiting for the train to come]. The gates of the rivers shall be opened [the doors of the cars will be opened and the people will flow out] and the palace [car] shall be dissolved [emptied].” (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 93).

 

Without doubt this prophecy refers to the rapid transportation, including the railway and other means of modern travel, such as automobiles, electric cars, etc. (Dan. 12:4) (The Harp of God 1928 pp. 16-17).

 

Nahum 2:3-4 announced Jehovah’s organization in its fight against the devil’s organization

 

The chariots mentioned in this last quoted verse are not the same chariots as those mentioned in verse three of the same chapter. The chariots first mentioned are outside of the city (the Devil's organization) and are preparing to lay siege to the Devil's organization. The chariots mentioned in verse four are in the streets or roadways inside of the city, and are therefore a part of and belong to the city, which is the Devil's organization. These chariots last mentioned are therefore the military organization and machinery of Satan. (Prophecy 1929 pp. 261-262).

 

Prophecy of Nahum 2:1-6 fulfilled in the ancient times

 

Yes, God safeguards those seeking refuge in him. With his enemies exterminated, distress will not rise up a second time. There is good news of peace for Judah, for true worship will be unhindered.—1:7–2:2. Unrighteous persons will not succeed. This is evident from what happened to Nineveh. Her cruel treatment of captives made her “the city of bloodshed.” Like a lair of lions, this heavily fortified city seemed secure behind its thick walls. But by God’s decree, Nineveh would suffer the same fate she had meted out to ancient No-amon, or Thebes, on the Nile River. For her sins, Assyria’s capital would be laid waste. This prophecy was fulfilled when the combined forces of Babylonian king Nabopolassar and Cyaxares the Mede captured Nineveh in 632 B.C.E.—2:3–3:19. (The Watchtower May 15, 1989 pp. 24-25).

 

Airplane (Isaiah 60:8)

 

Isaiah 60:8 foretold airplane

 

Wireless telegraphy and airships are modern discoveries; yet since they have been discovered we find that God, through his holy prophets, foretold centuries ago the use of such inventions. (Job 38:35; Isaiah 60:8) (The Harp of God 1921 p. 16).

 

Isaiah 60:8 foretold gathering of Jehovah’s Witnesses

 

Jehovah now asks: “Who are these that come flying just like a cloud, and like doves to their birdhouse holes? For in me the islands themselves will keep hoping, the ships of Tarshish also as at the first, in order to bring your sons from far away ... Foreigners will actually build your walls, and their own kings will minister to you.” (Isaiah 60:8-10) First to respond to Jehovah’s ‘shining forth’ were his “sons,” anointed Christians. Then came the “foreigners,” the great crowd, who loyally minister to their anointed brothers, following their lead in preaching the good news. (The Watchtower January 1, 2000 p. 13).

 

Telegraph or radio (Job 38:35)

 

Job 38:35 foretold telegraph

 

Wireless telegraphy and airships are modern discoveries; yet since they have been discovered we find that God, through his holy prophets, foretold centuries ago the use of such inventions. (Job 38:35; Isaiah 60:8) (The Harp of God 1921 p. 16).

 

Job 38:35 foretold radio

 

The truth is, God foretold through his prophet three thousand years ago the use of the wireless. It is written: “Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we are?” (Job 38:35) (The Last Days 1928 p. 15).

 

Job 38:35 did not predict the telegraphy or the radio

 

(...) “Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Behold us?” (Job 38:35, margin) Wireless telegraphy and the radio are modern inventions. This text of Job has been applied to the radio stations and their operators, but the text cannot mean that. The radio is in the nature of lightning and it belongs to Jehovah, and except by his permission man cannot use the radio. (The Watchtower June 1, 1933 pp. 171-172).

 

Radio, radio station (Job 38:35)

 

Job 38:35 foretold radio and radio station

 

Certain it is that God provided the radio because he foretells it in his Word written by the prophet centuries ago. (Job 38:35) The due time must come, in the unfolding of his plan, for the use of the radio. That time has come, and God will use it for the benefit of mankind. (Freedom for the Peoples 1927 p. 12).

 

The truth is, God foretold through his prophet three thousand years ago the use of the wireless. It is written: “Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we are?” (Job 38:35) (The Last Days 1928 p. 15).

 

Job 38:35 did not predict radio and radio stations

 

(...) “Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Behold us?” (Job 38:35, margin) Wireless telegraphy and the radio are modern inventions. This text of Job has been applied to the radio stations and their operators, but the text cannot mean that. The radio is in the nature of lightning and it belongs to Jehovah, and except by his permission man cannot use the radio. (The Watchtower June 1, 1933 pp. 171-172).

 

Job 38:35 teaches about lightning

 

Jehovah tells Job to consider the clouds. (Job 38:34-38) Man cannot order a single cloud to appear and release its water. (...) Rain is often accompanied by lightning, but man cannot cause it to fulfill his wishes. Lightnings are represented as reporting to God and saying, “Here we are!” (...) Full knowledge of lightning remains a mystery to man but not to God. (The Watchtower November 15, 2005 p. 16).

 

The prophet Daniel and discoveries confirming the “time of the end” from 1799 and the return of Jesus in 1874

 

When that time should arrive, what was to be expected? Jehovah answers: “Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.” (Daniel 12:4) From and shortly after 1799, the date of the beginning of “the time of the end”, we should expect to find an increase of knowledge, particularly with reference to the Bible. (The Harp of God 1921 p. 232).

 

Inventions confirming the “time of the end” from 1799

 

In 1844 the telegraph was invented, and later the telephone. These instruments were first used with wires and by electricity messages were conveyed throughout the earth; but now by later invention wires are dispensed with and messages are flashed through the air by the use of instruments all over the earth: This great increase of knowledge and the tremendous running to and fro of the people in various parts of the earth without question is a fulfillment of the prophecy testifying as to “the time of the end”. These physical facts cannot be disputed and are sufficient to convince any reasonable mind that we have been in “the time of the end” since 1799. (The Harp of God 1921 p. 234; 1928 p. 239).

 

Inventions confirming the return of Christ in 1874

 

It was in the year 1874, the date of our Lord's second presence, that the first labor organization in the world was created. From that time forward there has been a marvelous increase of light, and the inventions and discoveries have been too numerous for us to mention all of them here, but mention is made of some of those that have come to light since 1874, as further evidence of the Lord's presence since that date, as follows: Adding machines, aeroplanes, aluminum, antiseptic surgery, artificial dyes, automatic couplers, automobiles, barbed wire, bicycles, carborundum, cash registers, celluloid, correspondence schools, cream separators, Darkest Africa, disk plows, Divine Plan of the Ages, dynamite, electric railways, electric welding, escalators, fireless cookers, gas engines, harvesting machines, illuminating gas, induction motors, linotypes, match machines, monotypes, motion pictures, North Pole, Panama Canal, pasteurization, radium, railway signals, Roentgen rays, shoe-sewing machines, skyscrapers, smokeless powder, South Pole, submarines, subways, talking machines, telephones, television, typewriters, vacuum cleaners, and wireless telegraphy. (The Harp of God 1928 p. 240).

 

Various explanations of ‘numerical’ prophecies

 

1260 days – Revelation 11:2-3

 

From 539 B.C.E. to 1799 C.E.

 

1260 days are 1260 years, counted from 539 B.C.E. to 1799 C.E. (See The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 173).

 

From November 7, 1914 to May 7, 1918 (teaching since 1930)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from November 7, 1914 to May 7, 1918 (See Light 1930, Vol. 1, p. 199).

 

From October 1914 to April 1918 (teaching since 1951)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from October 1914 to April 1918 (See The Watchtower July 1, 1951 pp. 410-411).

 

Since mid-November 1914 to May 7, 1918 (teaching since 1958)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from mid-November 1914 to May 7, 1918 (See “Your Will Be Done on Earth” 1958 p. 181).

 

From December 28, 1914 to June 21, 1918 (teaching since 1977)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from December 28, 1914 to June 21, 1918 (See Our Incoming World Government – God’s Kingdom 1977 p. 131).

 

From October 1914 to the first months of 1918

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from October 1914 to the year 1918 (See Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand! 1988 p. 162).

 

From December 1914 to June 1918

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from December 1914 to June 1918 (See The Watchtower August 1, 1994 p. 31).

 

Yes, The Watchtower of November 1, 1993, did offer a minor adjustment as to the dating of the modern fulfillment of Revelation 11:3. (The Watchtower August 1, 1994 p. 31).

 

As we shall see, the reference here is to the literal 42 months extending from December 1914 to June 1918, when all professing Christians were put to a severe test. (Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand! 2006 p. 162).

 

1260 days – Revelation 12:6, 14

 

From 539 B.C.E. to 1799 C.E.

 

1260 days are 1260 years, counted from 539 B.C.E. to 1799 C.E. (See The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 188).

 

From spring 1919 to autumn 1922 (teaching since 1925)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from spring 1919 to autumn 1922 (See The Watchtower March 1, 1925 pp. 71-73; Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand! 2006 p. 184).

 

1260 days – Daniel 7:25, 12:7

 

From 539 B.C.E. to 1799 C.E.

 

1260 days are 1260 years, counted from 539 B.C.E. to 1799 C.E. (See The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 173).

 

From October 1914 to April 1918 (teaching since 1929)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from October 1914 to April 1918 (The Watchtower December 15, 1929 p. 377; The Watchtower June 1, 1954 p. 338).

 

From mid-November 1914 to May 7, 1918 (teaching since 1958)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from mid-November 1914 to May 7, 1918 (See “Your Will Be Done on Earth” 1958 p. 371).

 

From December 1914 to June 1918 (teaching since 1977)

 

1260 days are 1260 days, counted from December 1914 to June 1918 (See Our Incoming World Government – God’s Kingdom 1977 pp. 127-132; The Watchtower November 1, 1993 pp. 9-10).

 

1290 days – Daniel 12:11

 

From 539 B.C.E. to 1829 C.E.

 

1290 days are 1290 years, counted from 539 B.C.E. to 1829 C.E. (See Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 84).

 

From January 1919 to September 1922 (teaching since 1929)

 

1290 days are 1290 days, counted from January 1919 to September 1922 (See The Watchtower December 15, 1929 p. 377; Pay Attention to Daniel’s Prophecy! 1999 p. 301).

 

1335 days – Daniel 12:12

 

From 539 B.C.E. to 1874 C.E.

 

1335 days are 1335 years, counted from 539 C.E. to 1874 C.E. (See Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 84).

 

From September 1922 to May 1926

 

1335 days are 1335 days, counted from September 1922 to May 1926 (See The Watchtower December 15, 1929 p. 377; Pay Attention to Daniel’s Prophecy! 1999 p. 301).

 

390 and 40 days (years) – Ezekiel 4:5, 9

 

From 1528 to 1918 (390 years), and from 1878 to 1918 (40 years)

 

390 and 40 days (years) of Ezekiel 4:5-6, 9 are the same as the years counted from the year 1528 and from the year 1878 to the year 1918 (See The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 pp. 393, 396).

 

From 1531 to 1921 (390 years), and from 1881 to 1921 (40 years) – modern fulfillment

From the year 996 B.C.E. to the year 606 B.C.E. (390 years), and from the year 646 B.C.E. to the year 606 B.C.E. (40 years) – an ancient fulfillment

 

The modern fulfillment: 390 and 40 days (years) are the same as the years counted from the year 1531 and from the year 1881 to the year 1921.

An ancient fulfillment: from the year 996 B.C.E. (390 years) and from the year 646 B.C.E. (40 years) to the year 606 B.C.E. (See Vindication 1931 Vol. 1, p. 48-49; The Watchtower November 15, 1937 pp. 350-352).

 

From the year 997 B.C.E. to 607 B.C.E. (390 years), and from the year 647 B.C.E. to 607 B.C.E. (40 years)

 

In 1943 Jehovah’s Witnesses rejected the year 606 B.C.E. and accepted the year 607 B.C.E. Afterwards, in 1963 they presented the same prophecy again, but since that time they do not teach about its modern fulfillment (See “All Scripture Is Inspired of God and Beneficial” 1963 pp. 281, 284).

Today they teach that 390 and 40 days (years) of Ezekiel 4:5-6, 9 are the same number of years, counted from the year 997 B.C.E. (390 years) and from 647 B.C.E. (40 years) to the year 607 B.C.E. (See The Watchtower September 15, 1988 p. 12).

 

3.5 days – Revelation 11:9, 11

 

3.5 years since 1793

 

3.5 days are 3.5 years, counted from the year 1793 (See The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 176).

 

Symbolic period of 3.5 days in 1918-1919 (teaching since 1930)

 

3.5 days represent a symbolic period, namely the years 1918-1919 (Light 1930, Vol. 1, pp. 207-211; The Watchtower November 15, 2014 p. 30).

 

10 days – Revelation 2:10

 

10 years from the year 303 C.E. to 313 C.E.

 

10 days are 10 years, counted from the year 303 C.E. to the year 313 C.E. (See The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 29).

 

Symbolic period from 1914 to the present day (teaching since 1930)

 

10 days represent a symbolic period from the year 1914 up to the present time (Light 1930, Vol. 1, pp. 22-23; Revelation—Its Grand Climax At Hand! 1988, 2006 pp. 39-41).

 

“This generation”

 

Generation of 1878

 

Prior thereto the church had been applying the prophecy of Matthew twenty-four to the events that came to pass from 1874 to 1914. Not until after 1918 was it understood by the church that these events apply after 1914; and hence the seals were not open to or discerned by the John class, that is to say, the remnant, until after 1918, and, in fact, very little until after 1922. (Light 1930, Vol. 1, p. 70).

 

Or, since the Master said, “When ye shall see all these things,” and since “the sign of the Son of Man in heaven,” and the budding fig tree, and the gathering of “the elect” are counted among the signs, it would not be inconsistent to reckon the “generation” from 1878 to 1914 – 36 1/2 years – about the average of human life to-day. (The Battle of Armageddon 1915, 1923 p. 605).

 

Generation of 1914

 

When the expected “end” did not come in the years 1914-1918 and in the year 1925, it was the right time to create a new concept.  It appeared in the years 1926-1927. It is an issue of “the generation of 1914”.

 

Generation of the anointed (new creation)

 

At the Jordan Jehovah started a new generation, a new creation, of which Christ Jesus is the Head. Jesus selected twelve disciples, who were with him for three and one-half years. Eleven of these we have every reason to believe constitute a part of that new creation. In 1 Peter 2:9 the apostle, speaking to the church of course, referred to those who are faithful. The irresistible conclusion therefore is that Jesus referred to the new creation when he said: "This generation shall not pass until all these things be fulfilled." This then would be a strong indication that some members of the new creation will be on the earth at the time of Armageddon. (The Watchtower February 15, 1927 p. 62).

See The Golden Age October 20, 1926 p. 51.

 

Generation of all people (born 15 or 10 years before 1914)

 

Even if we presume that youngsters 15 years of age would be perceptive enough to realize the import of what happened in 1914, it would still make the youngest of "this generation'' nearly 70 years old today. So the great majority of the generation to which Jesus was referring has already passed away in death. The remaining ones are approaching old age. And remember, Jesus said that the end of this wicked world would come before that generation passed away in death. This, of itself, tells us that the years left before the foretold end comes cannot be many. (Awake! October 8, 1968 pp. 13-14).

 

Thus, when it comes to the application in our time, the “generation” logically would not apply to babies born during World War I. It applies to Christ’s followers and others who were able to observe that war and the other things that have occurred in fulfillment of Jesus’ composite “sign.” Some of such persons “will by no means pass away until” all of what Christ prophesied occurs, including the end of the present wicked system. (The Watchtower October 1, 1978 p. 31).

 

What, then, is the “generation” that “will by no means pass away until all these things occur”? (...) As indicated by an article on page 56 of U.S. News & World Report of January 14, 1980, “If you assume that 10 is the age at which an event creates a lasting impression on a person’s memory,” then there are today more than 13 million Americans who have a “recollection of World War I.” And if the wicked system of this world survived until the turn of the century, which is highly improbable in view of world trends and the fulfillment of Bible prophecy, there would still be survivors of the World War I generation. However, the fact that their number is dwindling is one more indication that “the conclusion of the system of things” is moving fast toward its end. (The Watchtower October 15, 1980 p. 31).

 

Generation of all people (living since 1914)

 

Jesus said: “This generation will by no means pass away until all these things [including the end of this system] occur.” (Matthew 24:34, 14) Which generation did Jesus mean? He meant the generation of people who were living in 1914. Those persons yet remaining of that generation are now very old. However, some of them will still be alive to see the end of this wicked system. So of this we can be certain: Shortly now there will be a sudden end to all wickedness and wicked people at Armageddon. (You Can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth 1989 p. 154).

 

Before the last members of the generation that was alive in 1914 will have passed off the scene, all the things foretold will occur, including the “great tribulation” in which the present wicked world will end – Matt. 24:21, 22, 34. (Reasoning From the Scriptures 1989 p. 97 [in Polish edition of 2001, pp. 72-73, the sentence was changed!]).

 

For over seven decades now, the people of this 20th-century generation living since 1914 have experienced the fulfillment of events listed in Jesus’ prophecy found in Matthew chapter 24. Therefore, this period of time is nearing its end, with the restoration of Paradise on earth close at hand.—Matthew 24:32-35; compare Psalm 90:10. (The Watchtower August 15, 1989 p. 14).

 

“This generation” – November 1, 1995

 

Eager to see the end of this evil system, Jehovah’s people have at times speculated about the time when the “great tribulation” would break out, even tying this to calculations of what is the lifetime of a generation since 1914. However, we “bring a heart of wisdom in,” not by speculating about how many years or days make up a generation, but by thinking about how we “count our days” in bringing joyful praise to Jehovah (Psalm 90:12). (The Watchtower November 1, 1995 p. 17).

 

The change of teaching in the imprint

 

Most important, this magazine builds confidence in the Creator’s promise of a peaceful and secure new world before the generation that saw the events of 1914 passes away. (Awake! October 22, 1995 p. 4).

 

Most important, this magazine builds confidence in the Creator’s promise of a peaceful and secure new world that is about to replace the present wicked, lawless system of things. (Awake! November 8, 1995 p. 4).

 

“A godless generation”

 

The Bible’s prophecies about the time of the end were to be fulfilled upon a godless generation.—Matthew 24:34-39; Luke 17:26, 27. (The Watchtower November 15, 1995 p. 6).

 

So when, on the Mount of Olives, he again spoke of “this generation,” he evidently did not mean the entire race of Jews throughout history; nor did he mean his followers, even though they were “a chosen race.” (1 Peter 2:9) Neither was Jesus saying that “this generation” is a period of time. (The Watchtower May 1, 1999 p. 11).

 

“This generation” – February 15, 2008

 

Generation of the followers of Christ and their anointed successors. The former view of a godless generation – rejected.

 

Thus, it was felt that in the modern-day fulfillment, Jesus was referring to the wicked “generation” of unbelievers who would see both the features that would characterize “the conclusion of the system of things” (...) and the system’s end (...). (...) Since Jesus did not use negative qualifiers when speaking to them about “this generation,” the apostles would no doubt have understood that they and their fellow disciples were to be part of the “generation” that would not pass away “until all these things [would] occur.” (...) On the other hand, Christ’s faithful anointed brothers, the modern-day John class, have recognized this sign as if it were a flash of lightning and have understood its true meaning. As a class, these anointed ones make up the modern-day “generation” of contemporaries that will not pass away “until all these things occur.” This suggests that some who are Christ’s anointed brothers will still be alive on earth when the foretold great tribulation begins. (The Watchtower February 15, 2008 pp. 23-24).

 

“This generation” – April 15, 2010

 

The two ‘generations’ of the anointed, where periods of the lives of the former anointed people overlap with the lives of the further anointed ones.

 

How, then, are we to understand Jesus’ words about “this generation”? He evidently meant that the lives of the anointed who were on hand when the sign began to become evident in 1914 would overlap with the lives of other anointed ones who would see the start of the great tribulation. That generation had a beginning, and it surely will have an end. The fulfillment of the various features of the sign clearly indicate that the tribulation must be near. (The Watchtower April 15, 2010 pp. 10-11).

 

Brother Barr made clear that the gathering would not continue indefinitely. He referred to Matthew 24:34, which says: “This generation will by no means pass away until all these things occur.” He twice read the comment: “Jesus evidently meant that the lives of the anointed ones who were on hand when the sign began to be evident in 1914 would overlap with the lives of other anointed ones who would see the start of the great tribulation.” We do not know the exact length of “this generation,” but it includes these two groups whose lives overlap. Even though the anointed vary in age, those in the two groups constituting the generation are contemporaries during part of the last days. How comforting it is to know that the younger anointed contemporaries of those older anointed ones who discerned the sign when it became evident beginning in 1914 will not die off before the great tribulation starts! (The Watchtower June 15, 2010 p. 5).

 

“This generation” – January 15, 2014

 

The two ‘generations’ of the anointed whose periods of “the anointing” partially overlap

 

In his detailed prophecy about the conclusion of this system of things, Jesus said: “This generation will by no means pass away until all these things happen.” (Read Matthew 24:33-35.) We understand that in mentioning “this generation,” Jesus was referring to two groups of anointed Christians. The first group was on hand in 1914, and they readily discerned the sign of Christ’s presence in that year. Those who made up this group were not merely alive in 1914, but they were spirit-anointed as sons of God in or before that year.—Rom. 8:14-17. The second group included in “this generation” are anointed contemporaries of the first group. They were not simply alive during the lifetime of those in the first group, but they were anointed with holy spirit during the time that those of the first group were still on earth. Thus, not every anointed person today is included in “this generation” of whom Jesus spoke. Today, those in this second group are themselves advancing in years. Yet, Jesus’ words at Matthew 24:34 give us confidence that at least some of “this generation will by no means pass away” before seeing the start of the great tribulation. This should add to our conviction that little time remains before the King of God’s Kingdom acts to destroy the wicked and usher in a righteous new world.—2 Pet. 3:13. (The Watchtower January 15, 2014 p. 31).

See God’s Kingdom Rules! 2014 pp. 11-12.

 

The Great Pyramid

 

Pyramid of Cheops is a “Jehovah's Witness” and a “Bible in stone”

 

(...) and showing, also, that the Great Pyramid of Egypt is one of God's Witnesses (Isa. 19:19, 20), whose wonderful message is a full and complete corroboration of God's plan of the ages, together with its times and seasons. (The Time is at Hand 1902, 1927 p. 366).

 

A few years after Prof. Smyth's return, came the suggestion that the Great Pyramid is Jehovah's “Witness,” and that it is as important a witness to divine truth as to natural science. (Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 320).

 

THE TESTIMONY OF GOD'S STONE WITNESS AND PROPHET, THE GREAT PYRAMID IN EGYPT. (Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 313).

 

We thus introduce this “Witness” because the inspiration of its testimony will doubtless be as much disputed as that of the Scriptures, by the prince of darkness, the god of this world, and those whom he blinds to the truth. (Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 319).

 

The teaching of the Great Pyramid is in full accord with the rest of the book. See Rev. 14:15. “it is by no means an addition to the written revelation: that revelation is complete and perfect, and needs no addition. But it is a strong corroborative witness to God's Plan. Isaiah testifies of an altar and pillar in the land of Egypt, which ‘shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the Lord of hosts in the land of Egypt’ And the context shows that it shall be a witness in the day when the great Savior and Deliverer shall come to set at liberty Sin's captives.” (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 241).

 

The great Pyramid of Egypt, standing as a silent and inanimate witness of the Lord, is a messenger; and its testimony speaks with great eloquence concerning the divine plan. (Isaiah 19:19, 20) (The Watchtower May 15, 1925 p. 148).

 

For some 35 years, Pastor Russell thought that the Great Pyramid of Gizeh was God’s stone witness, corroborating Biblical time periods. (Isa. 19:19) (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 201).

 

Pyramid is a “Satan’s Bible” and a “monument of demonism” (teaching since November 15, 1928)

 

Then Satan put his knowledge in dead stone, which may be called Satan’s Bible, and not God’s stone witness. (The Watchtower November 15, 1928 p. 344).

 

He has also exposed the great Pyramid of Giza as being, not “God’s stone witness” or “the Bible in stone,” but a monument of demonism to glorify belief in immortality of the soul or “survival after death.” (The Watchtower November 15, 1955 p. 697).

 

In 1886 when C. T. Russell published a book that came to be called The Divine Plan of the Ages, this volume contained a chart linking the ages of mankind with the Great Pyramid of Egypt. It was thought that this memorial of Pharaoh Khufu was the pillar referred to at Isaiah 19:19, 20: “In that day there will prove to be an altar to Jehovah in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to Jehovah beside its boundary. And it must prove to be for a sign and for a witness to Jehovah of armies in the land of Egypt.” What relationship could the pyramid have with the Bible? Well, as an example, the length of certain passages in the Great Pyramid was said to indicate the time for the beginning of the “great tribulation” of Matthew 24:21, as it was then understood. Some Bible Students became engrossed with measuring different features of the pyramid to determine such matters as the day they would be going to heaven! This so-called Bible in Stone was held in esteem for some decades, until the Watchtower issues of November 15 and December 1, 1928, made clear that Jehovah needed no stone monument built by pagan pharaohs and containing demonic signs of astrology to confirm the witness given in the Bible. Rather, Isaiah’s prophecy was seen to have a spiritual application. (The Watchtower January 1, 2000 pp. 9-10).

 

The tomb of C.T. Russell and a little pyramid

 

Monday the thirty-first being the anniversary of Brother Russell’s change to glory, the friends assembled in the afternoon at the cemetery, where memorial services were held, being made brief, however, on account of the inclemency of the weather. A little souvenir of the plot of ground and the pyramid stone marker had been provided, which was distributed amongst those in attendance. (The Watchtower December 15, 1921 p. 371).

 

UNITED CEMETERY. Jehovah’s Witnesses do not revere burial places, but some desire to visit the Watch Tower Society’s burial plot where C. T. Russell was buried. Turn right off Perrysville Avenue on to Cemetery Lane. The United Cemetery is the last cemetery on this road. A few yards beyond the replica of a pyramid is a driveway that takes one near the Society’s plot. (Centennial of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania 1884-1984, 1984 p. 30).

 

“Gathering desirable things of all the nations”

 

“Gathering desirable things of all the nations” in the future

 

The world is madly rushing on now to this time of trouble. It is the time spoken of by the prophet Haggai, who says: “And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts”. (Haggai 2:7) And when this great shaking is over, then the desire of all nations and peoples will come, namely, an honest, righteous government, administered in behalf of mankind under the supervision of the great Messiah. (The Harp of God 1921 pp. 254-255; 1928 pp. 261-262).

 

„Gathering desirable things of all the nations” since 1935 (teaching since 1953)

 

In 1953, “New World Society Attacked From the Far North” was a gripping explanation of the significance of the attack by Gog of Magog as described in Ezekiel chapters 38 and 39. That same year, the discourse “Filling the House With Glory” thrilled those who heard it as they saw before their very eyes tangible evidence of the fulfillment of Jehovah’s promise, at Haggai 2:7, to bring the precious things, the desirable things, out of all nations into Jehovah’s house. (Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993 p. 263).

 

For more than 50 years, since 1935, these “desirable things of all the nations” have been gathering to Jehovah’s house of worship, ‘filling that house with glory.’ This ‘streaming’ appears to intensify as “the final part of the days” moves ever closer to its culmination. (The Watchtower July 1, 1985 p. 21).

 

“Gathering desirable things of all the nations” since 1919

 

Since 1919 in particular, Jehovah has had his servants proclaim his judgments, and Satan’s world system has been rocked and shaken by this global warning. At the same time, God-fearing humans—“the desirable things”—have been drawn by God to separate themselves from the nations and share with anointed Christians in filling Jehovah’s house of worship with glory. (Haggai 2:7) Surely, we should view such desirable ones drawn by God as beloved associates. (The Watchtower February 1, 1994 p. 18).

 

“Signs from heaven”

 

When “signs from heaven” will appear?

 

“Signs from heaven” since 1780

 

Reckoning a hundred years from 1780, the date of the first sign, the limit would reach to 1880; and, to our understanding, every item predicted had begun to be fulfilled at that date; the “harvest” or gathering time beginning October 1874; the organization of the Kingdom and the taking by our Lord of his great power as the King in April 1878, and the time of trouble or “day of wrath” which began October 1874 and will end October 1914; and the sprouting of the fig tree. Those who choose might without inconsistency say that the century or generation might as properly reckon from the last sign, the falling of the stars, as from the first, the darkening of the sun and moon: and a century beginning 1833 would be still far from run out. Many are living who witnessed the star-falling sign. Those who are walking with us in the light of present truth are not looking for things to come which are already here, but are waiting for the consummation of matters already in progress. (The Day of Vengeance 1897 pp. 604-605).

See The Battle of Armageddon 1923 pp. 604-605.

 

“Signs from heaven” since 1874

 

His presence beginning in 1874, he has carried on his harvest work from 1878 forward, but has not interrupted the gentile dominion until that dominion should end. (The Harp of God 1921, 1927 p. 244).

 

In speaking of the proof of his presence, Jesus further stated that at that time there would be "upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea [restless humanity] and the waves [various organized parts of it] roaring; men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth; for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. And then shall they see [discern] the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory;" that is to say, they will discern the Lord's presence through the clouds, symbolic of great trouble, and glory, the manifestation of his justice and power. (Luke 21:25-27) (The Harp of God 1921, 1927 p. 253).

 

“Signs from heaven” since 1914

 

“There will be fearful sights and from heaven great signs. Also, there will be signs in sun and moon and stars (...)” (Luke 21:11, 25, 26) World War I introduced terrible new weapons. From the heavens, airplanes and airships rained down bombs and bullets. (...) Man has also reached into the region of “sun and moon and stars.” Ballistic missiles streak into space before hurtling down on their targets. Spacecraft have penetrated the solar system and beyond. The nations have become heavily dependent on man-made satellites orbiting the earth. (The Watchtower October 1, 1988 pp. 6-7).

 

Luke 21:25 mentions ‘signs in sun, moon, and stars, and roaring of the seas’ in connection with the anguish felt by the nations. The rising of the sun often causes, not happy anticipation, but fear of what the day may bring; when the moon and stars shine, fear of crime makes people stay behind locked doors. In the 20th century, but not before, planes and missiles have been used to send destruction streaking down from the heavens. Submarines carrying deadly loads of missiles prowl the seas, just one such submarine being equipped to annihilate 160 cities. No wonder the nations are in anguish! (Reasoning From the Scriptures 1989 p. 238).

 

“Signs from heaven” in the future (teaching since 1994)

 

Clearly, what Jesus said about ‘the sun being darkened, the moon not giving light, and the stars falling’ does not refer to things occurring over the many decades of the conclusion of the present system, such as space rocketry, moon landings, and the like. No, he pointed to things tied in with “the great and fear-inspiring day of Jehovah,” the destruction yet to come. (...) Chapters 17 to 19 of Revelation fit and verify this adjusted understanding of Matthew 24:29-31, Mark 13:24-27, and Luke 21:25-28. (The Watchtower February 15, 1994 p. 19).

 

Statements about space flights

 

Space flights impossible

 

Man on earth can no more get rid of these demonic “heavens” than man can by airplane or rockets or other means get up above the air envelope which is about our earthly globe and in which man breathes. (“The Truth Shall Make You Free” 1943 p. 285).

 

Space flights confirm the proximity of the ‘end’

 

Ever since the appointed times of the nations ended in 1914, God’s people have been keenly interested in “the great tribulation.” (Revelation 7:14) For years they thought that the modern-day great tribulation had an opening part corresponding to the time of World War I, then an interrupting interval, and finally a concluding part, “the war of the great day of God the Almighty.” If that were so, what would occur during the intervening decades of the “conclusion of the system”?—Revelation 16:14; Matthew 13:39; 24:3; 28:20. Well, it was felt that during this interval the composite sign would be seen, including the preaching work done by God’s gathered people. It seemed also that the foretold celestial phenomena could be expected during the interval after the opening phase in 1914-18. (Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24, 25; Luke 21:25) Attention focused on literal things in the heavens—space probes, rockets, cosmic or gamma rays, and landings or bases on the moon. (The Watchtower February 15, 1994 p. 17).

 

The harvest of the earth

 

The harvest from 1874 (to 1914 or 1915)

 

The harvest would extend from 1874 to 1914 and would culminate in the gathering of the anointed to heaven. Do mistaken ideas such as these cast doubt on whether Jesus was guiding those faithful ones by means of holy spirit? Not at all! (God’s Kingdom Rules! 2014 p. 50).

 

A.D. 1874 – CHRISTIAN HARVEST – A.D. 1915 (Thy Kingdom Come 1898, 1923 p. 132).

 

The harvest from 1878 (to 1918)

 

This suggests that the Harvest proper began in 1878; and that the three and a half years prior to the spring of 1878 was devoted to preliminary work, but not to Harvest work in the full sense. (The Finished Mystery 1917, 1926 p. 226).

 

Unfulfilled expectations were another test. Though the Watch Tower had rightly pointed to 1914 as the year when the Gentile Times would end, the brothers did not yet understand what would take place in that year. (Luke 21:24) They thought that in 1914, Christ would take his anointed bride class to heaven to rule with him there. Those hopes were not realized. Late in 1917, The Watch Tower announced that a 40-year harvest period would end in the spring of 1918. But the preaching work did not end. It continued to prosper after that date passed. The magazine suggested that the harvest had indeed ended but that a period of gleaning remained. Still, many stopped serving Jehovah because of disappointment. (God’s Kingdom Rules! 2014 p. 23).

 

The harvest from 1874 (to 1924)

 

If we assume that the harvest of the wheat class, namely, the saints, began with the beginning of the second presence of our Lord in 1874, then would it be unreasonable to conclude that the harvest must continue for fifty symbolic days, or fifty literal years ? If so, then we might expect the harvest to end fifty years after 1874, or with the year 1924. (The Watchtower January 1, 1924 p. 5).

 

The harvest from 1918

 

In 1918 earth’s new King had been crowned, and now had come to God’s temple and presented himself as King, and it was the time for the harvest and the harvest had come. Rev. 14:14-16. (The Watchtower November 1, 1932 p. 325).

 

The harvest from 1914

 

By all the modern facts that correspond with prophecy, the “end of the world” and time for harvest began A.D. 1914. (The Watchtower August 15, 1946 p. 252).

 

The harvest from 1919

 

These weeds were permitted to grow along with the good seed during the intervening centuries until the time of harvest began in 1919 C.E. after Jesus’ sign of the “last days” had commenced fulfillment in 1914. Since then under angelic oversight a separating work has been done. (Matt. 24:31) (The Watchtower May 1, 1970 p. 272).

 

In 1919 “the harvest of the earth,” including the gathering of the final ones of the anointed, began to be reaped.—Revelation 14:15, 16. (The Watchtower May 1, 2007 p. 30).

 

The harvest from 1914 and 1919

 

Now we know that the harvest season—the season for separating wheat from weeds, faithful anointed Christians from imitation Christians—began in 1914. (God’s Kingdom Rules! 2014 p. 51).

 

Then, in 1919, “the harvest of the earth” began. (God’s Kingdom Rules! 2014 pp. 88-89).

 

“The gnashing of teeth” of false Christians

 

“Gnashing” for many years

 

This is an adjustment to our understanding of Matthew 13:42. Previously, our publications stated that imitation Christians have been ‘weeping and gnashing their teeth’ for decades, bewailing that “the sons of the kingdom” expose them for what they are—“sons of the wicked one.” (Matt. 13:38) It should be noted, however, that the idea of the gnashing of teeth is connected to destruction.—Ps. 112:10. (The Watchtower July 15, 2013 p. 13).

 

“Gnashing” in the future, during the great tribulation

 

Then, realizing that there is no escape from destruction, they will weep in desperation and ‘gnash their teeth’ in anger. As Jesus foretells in his prophecy about the great tribulation, at that dark moment, they “will beat themselves in lamentation.”—Matt. 24:30; Rev. 1:7. (The Watchtower July 15, 2013 p. 13).

 

Great Britain as the seventh world power (Daniel 2:31-45 and Revelation 17:10)

 

The Italian Government as the seventh world power

 

To our understanding the present Italian government is the seventh head of the “beast” (Rev. 17:9-11) which has continued “a short space,” represented in the present monarch and his father Victor Immanuel. (The Watchtower November 15, 1896 p. 2062, reprints).

 

The identity of the seventh world power is unknown

 

And the other. — The final form, of Arbitrator (whatever be the official title).

Is not yet come. — But is due to make its appearance with the close of the war, probably in autumn of 1917. (See comments on Rev. 16:17-21; Ex. 10:23.) Pastor Russell foretold the darkness would commence in 1914, and it did!! Egypt’s plague of darkness lasted three days (years). (The Finished Mystery 1917 p. 268).

 

And the other. — The final form, of Arbitrator (whatever be the official title).

Is not yet come. — But is due to make its appearance after the close of the war, probably early in the year 1918. (See comments on Rev. 16:17-21; Ex. 10:23.) Pastor Russell foretold the darkness would commence in 1914, and it did!! (The Finished Mystery 1926 p. 268).

 

Great Britain as the seventh world power since 1914 (teaching since 1930)

 

In due time Great Britain became the seventh world power, and then the British-American arrangement together became ‘the two-horned beast’. (Light 1930, Vol. 2, p. 104).

 

Later 1914 was determined as the year when the „seventh world power” appeared (it is virtually the same as the present teaching of the year 2012):

 

When the “seven times” of the Gentiles ended, in 1914, the seventh “king” or dominating world power had come. Profane history identifies it as the Anglo-American world imperialism, the bulwark of Protestantism. (“The Truth Shall Make You Free” 1943 p. 335).

 

Great Britain as the seventh world power since 1600 (teaching from ca. 1951)

 

A.D. 1600   British Empire begins rise as 7th world power; charters East India Company Dan. 7:8, Rev. 13:11 (The Watchtower April  1, 1951 p. 222).

 

Great Britain as the seventh world power since 1763 (teaching from ca. 1958)

 

Seventh World Power emerges in Great Britain, A.D. 1763 (The Watchtower June 15, 1960 p. 379).

See “Your Will Be Done on Earth” 1958 p. 370; Pay Attention to Daniel’s Prophecy! 1999 pp. 56, 139.

 

Great Britain as the seventh world power since 1914 (teaching since 2012)

 

From the perspective of Bible prophecy, then, the seventh world power did not become established in the late 1700’s when Britain first began its rise to prominence. Rather, it attained that position at the beginning of the Lord’s day*.

*This explanation updates the information discussed on page 57, paragraph 24, of the Daniel’s Prophecy book and depicted in the charts on pages 56 and 139. (The Watchtower June 15, 2012 p. 19).

 

Types and antitypes

Who is the antitype of Naboth (1 Kings 21)

 

In the past, our publications often mentioned types and antitypes, but in recent years they have seldom done so. Why is that? (...) Humans cannot know which Bible accounts are shadows of things to come and which are not. The clearest course is this: Where the Scriptures teach that an individual, an event, or an object is typical of something else, we accept it as such. Otherwise, we ought to be reluctant to assign an antitypical application to a certain person or account if there is no specific Scriptural basis for doing so. (...) So for these reasons our publications in recent years have emphasized the lessons we can learn from Bible accounts instead of trying to find typical and antitypical patterns and fulfillments. (The Watchtower March 15, 2015 pp. 17-18).

 

Naboth was the first person to whom the new teaching was applied. See the following material.

 

Naboth was not an atitype

 

Before 1932 the Watchtower Society did not associate any symbolic meaning with Naboth (See The Watchtower January 1, 1911 pp. 4741-4742, reprints; The Watchtower September 15, 1915 pp. 5770-5771, reprints; The Watchtower January 15, 1922 pp. 25-26; The Watchtower September 1, 1927 pp. 268-270).

 

Naboth pictured Jesus (teaching since 1932)

 

Back in 1932, that account was explained as a prophetic drama. Ahab and Jezebel were said to picture Satan and his organization; Naboth pictured Jesus; Naboth’s death, then, was prophetic of Jesus’ execution. (The Watchtower March 15, 2015 p. 9).

 

Naboth symbolized the anointed (teaching from 1961)

 

Decades later, though, in the book “Let Your Name Be Sanctified,” published in 1961, Naboth was said to picture the anointed, and Jezebel was Christendom. Hence, Naboth’s persecution at Jezebel’s hands pictured the persecution of the anointed during the last days. For many years, God’s people found this approach to Bible accounts faith strengthening. Why, then, have things changed? (The Watchtower March 15, 2015 p. 9).

 

Naboth neither pictures Jesus, nor anointed (teaching since 2015)

 

How, then, do we now understand the account about Naboth? In much clearer, simpler terms. That righteous man died, not because he was a prophetic type of Jesus or of the anointed, but because he was an integrity keeper. He held to Jehovah’s Law in the face of horrific abuse of power. (The Watchtower March 15, 2015 p. 10).

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