Creation of Adam and Eve and 1975

Autor: Włodzimierz Bednarski

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Before the year 1975 The Watchtower Society taught that both Adam and Eve were created in the same year 4026 B.C.E. From that moment one should calculate 6,000 years which ended in 1975. Later, when the expected year passed, this view was changed, though even earlier – as we will see – Vice President F. Franz speculated that the interval between Adam’s and the creation of Eve was just one year.

The following are The Watchtower Society’s statements concerning creation of Adam and Eve in one year. Notice that gradually such event was treated as more and more certain.

From the most reliable investigations of Bible chronology, (...) we find that Adam was created in the autumn of the year 4026 B.C.E. Sometime in that same year Eve could well have been created, directly after which God's rest day commenced. In what year, then, would the first 6,000 years of man's existence and also the first 6,000 years of God's rest day come to an end? The year 1975. (Awake! October 8, 1966, p. 19);

Since it was also Jehovah’s purpose for man to multiply and fill the earth, it is logical that he would create Eve soon after Adam, perhaps just a few weeks or months later in the same year, 4026 B.C.E. After her creation, God’s rest day, the seventh period, immediately followed. (The Watchtower May 1, 1968, p. 271);

To calculate where man is in the stream of time relative to God’s seventh day of 7,000 years, we need to determine how long a time has elapsed from the year of Adam and Eve’s creation in 4026 B.C.E. (The Watchtower May 1, 1968, p. 271);

Eve’s creation was quickly accomplished, ‘while Adam was sleeping.’ (Gen. 2:21) (The Watchtower August 15, 1968, p. 500);

According to reliable Bible chronology, Adam and Eve were created in 4026 B.C.E. (Awake! October 8, 1968, p. 14). See also The Watchtower July 15, 1967, p. 446.

The following is a statement of F. Franz from March 2, 1975, in which he seems to doubt (but not deny) that Adam and Eve were created in the same year:

we do not know how short was the time interval between Adam’s creation and the creation of Eve, at which point God’s rest day of seven thousand years began. (The Watchtower May 1, 1975, p. 285).

Compare his another statement quoted by R. Franz and included below.

We also have another proof that Jehovah’s Witnesses used to teach that Adam and Eve were created in the same year. Well, their older Bible dictionary states in one place that Adam was 130 years old when his son Seth was born, and in another place it states that Eve was 130 years old when she gave birth to that son. (see Aid to Bible Understanding 1971 pp. 333, 538). It shows that the first couple was created in the same year. Of course, in the new dictionary The Watchtower Society changed a passage concerning Eve (see Insight on the Scriptures 1988 vol. 1, p. 772).

How they get themselves out after September 1975, when Armageddon did not come? The Watchtower Society Simple stated that we do not know when God created Eve, and we can calculate 6,000 from that event:

It shows a time lapse between the creation of Adam and that of his wife, Eve. During that time, God had Adam name the animals. Whether that period amounted to weeks or months or years, we do not know. (The Watchtower October 1, 1975, p. 579);

Why do we not know when God’s “rest day” began and when it will end? Although the time of Adam’s creation can be determined, the beginning of God’s “rest day” cannot. This is so because there was a time lapse of unspecified length between Adam’s creation and the creation of Eve. Not until after the creation of Eve did God’s “rest day” begin. The start of that day being unknown, its end is likewise unknown. (The Watchtower January 1, 1976, p. 30);

How much time elapsed between the creation of the man and that of the woman? The Bible does not reveal this. (The Watchtower July 15, 1976, p. 436);

What, then, does this mean? Simply this: That these factors, and the possibilities for which they allow, prevent us from saying with any positiveness how much time elapsed between Adam’s creation and that of the first woman. We do not know whether it was a brief time such as a month or a few months, a year or even more. (The Watchtower July 15, 1976, p. 437).

Let us compare two contradictory statements making the Bible responsible for such speculation:

According to reliable Bible chronology, Adam and Eve were created in 4026 B.C.E. (Awake! October 8, 1968, p. 14);

How much time elapsed between the creation of the man and that of the woman? The Bible does not reveal this. (The Watchtower July 15, 1976, p. 436).

I recall from my childhood that when Armageddon did not come in 1975, publishers replied to questions that God by delaying that event gave people a chance to convert. They also add that the date of ‘the end’ might be postponed for a year or so. I had no idea, why. I could not find such explanation in The Watchtower Society’s publications. At last the matter was presented by R. Franz, the former member of the Governing Body, who recalled his uncle, Vice President F. Franz and his statement of 1975:

“he went on to talk about the possibility of a year or so difference due to some lapse of time between Adam’s creation and Eve’s creation” (Crisis of Conscience R. Franz, 2004, s. 249).

Did F. Franz think of 1976?

Jehovah’s Witnesses were convinced to use the above explanation (Armageddon after a year or so) by a publication which appeared in 1976:

What, then, does this mean? Simply this: That these factors, and the possibilities for which they allow, prevent us from saying with any positiveness how much time elapsed between Adam’s creation and that of the first woman. We do not know whether it was a brief time such as a month or a few months, a year or even more. (The Watchtower July 15, 1976, p. 437).

Adding a year or so could be a result of the problem of sin of the first couple, but it will be discussed in a chapter “Adam’s Sin and 1975”.

It is important to know that even before 1975 campaign was started, The Watchtower Society had a view that the millennium will start right after 6,000 years from man’s creation:

The coming thousand-year period is the seventh thousand-year period since man’s creation, hence the final thousand years of Jehovah’s great sabbath day. (The Watchtower April 1, 1954, p. 222).

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Opracował: Piotr Andryszczak
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